Countercurrent supercritical fluid extraction of phenolic compounds from aqueous matrices

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Low-molecular weight aromatic compounds were extracted from aqueous samples in a packed high-pressure stainless steel column with supercritical carbon dioxide. A countercurrent flow approach was utilised to remove several phenolic and two non-phenolic compounds with similar aromatic structures directly from aqueous standard solutions as well as a real sample (a lignocellulose dilute-acid hydrolysate of spruce) with supercritical carbon dioxide without sample pre-treatment. Phenolics are a diverse group of compounds that vary with regard to number, position and nature of their functional groups. The main purpose of this work was to investigate the influence of substituents on the extraction efficiency during countercurrent supercritical fluid extraction (SFE). The extraction column was 1100 mm long with an inner diameter of 25 mm. It was filled with Sulzer packings to increase the contact area between the solvent and the sample. The results showed that extraction efficiencies ranging from 2 to 100% in the standard solutions and 11 to 98% in the hydrolysate could be achieved depending on the various substituents. No correlation was observed between polarity indexes and extraction efficiencies for the investigated compounds; however, a relationship between retention in RP-HPLC and extractability could be established. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Per Persson
  • Zoran Barisic
  • Arieh Cohen
  • Lars Thörneby
  • Lo Gorton
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Analytical Chemistry


  • extractability, aqueous samples, countercurrent SFE, phenolics, LC-MS, analysis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Analytical Chemistry (S/LTH) (011001004), Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (013078001)