Coupling of permeabilized cells of Gluconobacter oxydans and Ralstonia eutropha for asymmetric ketone reduction using H(2) as reductant.
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A combined two-cell reaction system containing Gluconobacter oxydans and Ralstonia eutropha was evaluated with regard to asymmetric ketone reduction using H(2) as the reductant. Whole cells permeabilized by EDTA/toluene were used, and synthesis was performed in a biphasic aqueous/organic reaction medium. The two-cell system was compared with a system in which G. oxydans alone was used for both ketone reduction and cofactor regeneration, using an alcohol as co-substrate. The two-cell system exhibited almost twice the initial reaction rate of the single-cell system, a higher yield (75% vs. 48%) but slightly lower enantiomeric purity (93% vs. 98%) of the product (S)-2-octanol. The permeabilized R. eutropha cells are worth evaluating for byproduct-free NADH regeneration in combination with other whole cell catalysts.