Critical factors for the return-to-work process among people with affective disorders: Voices from two vocational approaches

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Depression is among the major causes of disability with a negative impact on both daily life and work performance. Whilst depression is the primary cause of sick-leave and unemployment in today's workplace there is a lack of knowledge of the needs of individuals with depression regarding their return-to-work (RTW) process. Objective: To explore which factors are of critical importance for people suffering from depression and who also are unemployed in their RTW-process and to explore the impact of two vocational approaches on the service users' experiences. The study included participants in two vocational rehabilitation approaches; Individual Enabling and Support (IES) and Traditional Vocational Rehabilitation (TVR). Method: Qualitative methods were applied to explore critical factors in the RTW-process. Individuals with affective disorders including depression and bipolar disorder were included. Results Three themes emerged as critical factors; Experiencing hope and power, professionals' positive attitudes, beliefs and behaviours, and employing a holistic perspective and integrating health and vocational service. Conclusion This study has demonstrated critical factors for the return-to-work process as experienced by persons with depression. To experience hope and power, to meet professionals that believe "you can work", who use a person-centred and holistic service approach, are such factors necessary for gaining a real job. In particular, professionals in TVR need to embrace this understanding since their services were not experienced as including these elements.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Occupational Therapy

Keywords

  • bipolar disorder, Depression, supported employment, vocational rehabilitation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-234
Number of pages14
JournalWork
Volume60
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Related research output

Susann Porter, 2019, Lund : Lund University, Faculty of Medicine. 104 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

View all (1)