Cropland changes in times of conflict, reconstruction, and economic development in Iraqi Kurdistan

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Bibtex

@article{4f7d38b4bc0b44c1969c17a64cdbd3d1,
title = "Cropland changes in times of conflict, reconstruction, and economic development in Iraqi Kurdistan",
abstract = "The destruction of land and forced migration during the Anfal attacks against the Kurds in Iraq in the late 1980s has been reported to have severe consequences for agricultural development. A reconstruction program to aid people in returning to their lands was launched in 1991. To assess the agricultural situation in the Duhok governorate during the pre-Anfal (A), post-Anfal (B), reconstruction (C), and present (D) periods, we mapped winter crops by focusing on inter-annual variability in vegetation greenness, using satellite images. The results indicate a decrease in cultivated area between period A and B, and a small increase between period B and C. This supports reports of a decline in cultivated area related to the Anfal campaign, and indicates increased activity during the reconstruction program. Period D showed a potential recovery with a cropland area similar to period A.",
keywords = "Agriculture, Conflict, Crop phenology, Iraqi Kurdistan, NDVI",
author = "Lina Eklund and Andreas Persson and Petter Pilesj{\"o}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/s13280-015-0686-0",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "78--88",
journal = "Ambio: a Journal of Human Environment",
issn = "0044-7447",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1",

}