CRP and IL-6 concentrations are associated with poor glycemic control despite preserved beta-cell function during the first year after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background The role of non-specific inflammation in beta-cell loss in type 1 diabetes is unclear. in the present study, inflammatory markers were determined in patients with newly diagnosed disease and related to beta-cell function, glycemic control and autoimmunity. Methods Ninety-seven adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (80% islet antibody positives, ab(+)) were examined at diagnosis and 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after the start of insulin treatment. Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-peptide, islet autoantibodies, insulin requirement and HbA(1c) were assessed. Results The concentrations of CRP were high-normal at diagnosis and did not change during the study period. A positive correlation between CRP at diagnosis and BMI was observed in ab(+) as well as in ab(+) cases. Detectable concentrations of IL-6 were found in 32% (157/485) of the samples and did not change during the study. Ab(-) patients had higher values of CRP at diagnosis and throughout the study compared to the ab(+). Among the ab(+) patients, CRP concentrations during the study were positively correlated to C-peptide at 12 months and an increase in HbA(1c), levels between 6 and 12 months. No associations between the presence or levels of islet autoantibodies and CRP were noted. Conclusions In type 1 diabetes, the islet destructive process and the development of beta-cell remission are not associated with changes in CRP or IL-6. instead, elevated CRP concentrations are prevalent and seem to reflect insulin resistance, as positive associations to BMI, C-peptide and deterioration of glycemic control were observed. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.


  • A Scholin
  • A Siegbahn
  • L Lind
  • C Berne
  • Göran Sundkvist
  • E Bjork
  • FA Karlsson
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes


  • plasma C-peptide, autoantibodies, islet, interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, type 1 diabetes, inflammation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-210
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Research Reviews
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Diabetes Epidemiology and Neuropathy (013241560)