CSF levels of tau, beta-amyloid(1-42) and GAP-43 in frontotemporal dementia, other types of dementia and normal aging
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of tau, beta-amyloid(1-42) and growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) were studied in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD; n = 17), Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 60), subcortical white-matter dementia (SWD; n = 24), Parkinson's disease (PD; n = 23) and dysthymia (n = 19) and in age-matched controls (n = 32). CSF-tau was significantly increased only in AD, and CSF-beta-amyloid(1-42) was significantly decreased in AD and SWD as compared to controls, and in AD compared to FTD. CSF-GAP-43 was significantly decreased only in PD. The GAP-43/tau ratio was decreased in all the patient groups except the dysthymia group compared to controls. A positive correlation was found between CSF-GAP-43 and CSF-tau in all groups. The results suggest normal levels of CSF-tau and CSF-beta-amyloid(1-42) in FTD, which will aid in the clinical separation of FTD from AD. In SWD, decreased levels of CSF-beta-amyloid(1-42) suggest concomitant involvement of vascular and amyloid protein mechanisms.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Journal of Neural Transmission|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|