Cue words and the topic structure of spoken discourse: The case of Swedish men 'but'

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Cue words and the topic structure of spoken discourse: The case of Swedish men 'but'. / Horne, Merle; Hansson, Petra; Bruce, Gösta; Frid, Johan; Filipsson, Marcus.

In: Journal of Pragmatics, Vol. 33, No. 7, 2001, p. 1061-1081.

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Horne, Merle ; Hansson, Petra ; Bruce, Gösta ; Frid, Johan ; Filipsson, Marcus. / Cue words and the topic structure of spoken discourse: The case of Swedish men 'but'. In: Journal of Pragmatics. 2001 ; Vol. 33, No. 7. pp. 1061-1081.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Cue words and the topic structure of spoken discourse: The case of Swedish men 'but'

AU - Horne, Merle

AU - Hansson, Petra

AU - Bruce, Gösta

AU - Frid, Johan

AU - Filipsson, Marcus

N1 - The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Linguistics and Phonetics (015010003)

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - The Swedish cue word men ‘but’ can mark the boundary between both different topic units as well as topic-internal units in spontaneous speech. The goal of this study is to see if these two functions of men can be distinguished on the basis of their local prosodic correlates and co-occurring lexical items. Men-tokens in spontaneous narrations were labelled as to their function, first using text-only data. The ‘strong’ tokens (categorized identically by all labellers) were subsequently seen to be clearly differentiated into two classes on the basis of related prosodic parameters and co-occurring lexical items. This distinction was, however, not found for the corresponding ‘weak’ tokens which were subsequently relabelled using both text and speech nor for the data-base as a whole. A test using a neural network trained using strong tokens was seen to be able to correctly categorize 90% of the strong men-tokens as to their associated boundary-type (topic-shift vs. topic-internal). The results show that cue words along with their prosodic correlates and co-occurring lexical items constitute a constellation of important information for understanding how segmentation of spoken discourse is produced and understood.

AB - The Swedish cue word men ‘but’ can mark the boundary between both different topic units as well as topic-internal units in spontaneous speech. The goal of this study is to see if these two functions of men can be distinguished on the basis of their local prosodic correlates and co-occurring lexical items. Men-tokens in spontaneous narrations were labelled as to their function, first using text-only data. The ‘strong’ tokens (categorized identically by all labellers) were subsequently seen to be clearly differentiated into two classes on the basis of related prosodic parameters and co-occurring lexical items. This distinction was, however, not found for the corresponding ‘weak’ tokens which were subsequently relabelled using both text and speech nor for the data-base as a whole. A test using a neural network trained using strong tokens was seen to be able to correctly categorize 90% of the strong men-tokens as to their associated boundary-type (topic-shift vs. topic-internal). The results show that cue words along with their prosodic correlates and co-occurring lexical items constitute a constellation of important information for understanding how segmentation of spoken discourse is produced and understood.

KW - Cue word

KW - Discourse marker

KW - Prosody

KW - Spoken discourse

KW - Topic structure

KW - Speech recognition

KW - Swedish

U2 - 10.1016/S0378-2166(00)00044-8

DO - 10.1016/S0378-2166(00)00044-8

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 1061

EP - 1081

JO - Journal of Pragmatics

JF - Journal of Pragmatics

SN - 0378-2166

IS - 7

ER -