Cystatin inhibition of cathepsin B requires dislocation of the proteinase occluding loop. Demonstration by release of loop anchoring through mutation of His110

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Cystatins A and C were both shown to inhibit cathepsin B by a two-step mechanism, involving an initial weak interaction followed by a conformational change. Disruption of the major salt bridge anchoring the occluding loop of cathepsin B to the main body of the enzyme by mutation of His110 to Ala converted the binding to an apparent one-step reaction. The second step of cystatin binding to cathepsin B must therefore be due to the inhibitor having to alter the conformation of the enzyme by displacing the occluding loop to allow a tight complex to be formed. Cystatin A was appreciably less effective in displacing the loop than cystatin C, resulting in a considerably lower overall inhibition rate constant.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Medicinal Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-156
JournalFEBS Lett
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch