Daily travel schedules of adult Eurasian Hobbies Falco subbuteo - variability in flight hours and migration speed along the route

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We analysed satellite tracking data to reveal the daily travel schedules of Hobbies Falco subbuteo migrating between northern Europe and southern Africa. By comparing movements during short-time intervals of 1-8 h at different times of the day between the three different regions Europe, Sahara Desert and tropical Africa, we found significant higher hourly speeds in the Sahara compared to the other two regions. The migration started early in the morning and continued throughout the day, resulting in daily travel time exceeding that of typical thermal soaring migrants. Due to fast hourly speeds in combination with the long travel days during Sahara crossings, the Hobbies exceeded daily travel distances recorded for soaring migrants. In Europe and tropical Africa, the speed was highly variable during the day, and lower flight speeds, especially during afternoons, suggest a fly-and-forage strategy, Our predictions about regular occurrence of nocturnal flight especially across geographical barriers as the desert were not fulfilled. In the Sahara, the Hobbies restricted their movement to diurnal migration. Nevertheless, 10% of the flight segments in tropical Africa were partly or completely during night hours and Hobbies often started their daily flight before or at sunrise. We attribute the special characteristics of the daily travel schedules of Hobbies primarily to their use of a fly-and-forage strategy, possibly in combination with preparedness for exploiting thermals during the daily thermal time window. Further studies are needed to understand why Hobbies do not increase daily travelling hours to include regular nocturnal flight in the Sahara Desert. We suggest that the daily travel schedules of the Hobby, which were distinctly different from those of other diurnal migrants like large raptors (which mainly exploit thermal soaring migration) or pipits, wagtails, finches and pigeons (which mainly travel during the morning hours) may be typical for bird species that primarily use a fly-and-forage migration strategy.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Sciences

Keywords

  • daily travel schedules, Eurasian Hobby, migration, satellite tracking, fly-and-forage strategy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-295
JournalArdea
Volume97
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Related projects

Niklas Larsson, Atticus Pinzon-Rodriguez, Arne Hegemann, Brianne Addison, Charlie Cornwallis, Giuseppe Bianco, INGRID SASSENHAGEN, Jerker Vinterstare, Julian Melgar, Julio Neto, Lasse Jakobsen, Mikael Ekvall, Mihaela Ilieva, Natalia Annenkova, Pallavi Chauhan, Sylvie Tesson, Yannis Vardanis, Catherine Tayleur, Emily Baird, Olle Lind, Jakob Löndahl, Tina Santl-Temkiv, Anders Hedenström, Åke Lindström, Anders Nilsson, Bengt Hansson, Dennis Hasselquist, Erik Svensson, Henrik Smith, Helena Westerdahl, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Johan Bäckman, Katarina Hedlund, Lars Råberg, Maria Ingimarsdottir, Martin Green, Maria Sandell, Martin Stjernman, Nils Kjellén, Ola Olsson, Rachel Muheim, Richard Ottvall, Staffan Bensch, Xiuhong Yang, Sara Snogerup-Linse, Heiner Linke, Mikkel Brydegaard Sorensen, Patrik Lundin, Sune Svanberg, Zuguang Guan, Ann-Sofie Albrekt, Anders Hargeby, Anders Persson, Christer Brönmark, Emma Kritzberg, Karin Rengefors, Lars-Anders Hansson, Olof Berglund, Wilhelm Granéli, Alice Nicolle, Ben Chapman, Christian Skov, Johan Ahlgren, Jakob Brodersen, Jessica von Einem, Kaj Hulthén, Kelly Gutseit, Karen Lebret, Lynn Ranåker, MATTIAS EKVALL, Mercy Lard, MIKAEL JÖNSSON, PER HALLGREN, Peter Ljungberg, Samuel Hylander, Tony Fagerberg, Therese Jephson, Tomas Johansson, Bjorn Canback, Bengt Danielsson, Christoffer Johansson, Emma Ådahl, Florian Muijres, Jörgen Ripa, Melissa Bowlin, Niclas Jonzén, Per Henningsson, Roger Härdling, Andreas Nord, Arzu Gursoy, Asghar Muhammad, Anna Nilsson, Anna Runemark, Barbara Tschirren, Cecilia Nilsson, Håkan Karlsson, Irene Pala, Juliana Dänhardt, Johan Nilsson, Jens Rydell, Jonas Waldenström, Keith Larson, Kristina Karlsson, Kristin Scherman, Mikael Åkesson, Martin Andersson, Maja Tarka, Maren Wellenreuther, Max Lundberg, Miriam Liedvogel, Maj Rundlöf, Martin Wintersparv Stervander, Machteld Verzijden, Olof Hellgren, Raymond Klaassen, Roine Strandberg, Susanne Åkesson, SANDRA SKÖLD CHIRIAC, Sophia Engel, Sissel Sjöberg, Sara Naurin, Thomas Alerstam, Tom J Evans, Torbjörn von Schantz, Ulf Ottosson, Marie Dacke & Helena Osvath

2008/06/012018/12/31

Project: ResearchInterdisciplinary research

View all (1)