Decomplexing biofluids using microchip based acoustophoresis

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Decomplexing biofluids using microchip based acoustophoresis. / Augustsson, Per; Persson, Jonas; Ekström, Simon; Ohlin, Mats; Laurell, Thomas.

In: Lab on a Chip, Vol. 9, No. 6, 2009, p. 810-818.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Decomplexing biofluids using microchip based acoustophoresis

AU - Augustsson, Per

AU - Persson, Jonas

AU - Ekström, Simon

AU - Ohlin, Mats

AU - Laurell, Thomas

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Highly efficient washing and extraction of microbeads to decomplex analytes ranging from small peptides to large viruses was realised in a microscaled continuous flow format. The bead washing principle reported herein is based on acoustophoresis, i.e. the primary acoustic radiation force in an ultrasonic standing wave and laminar flow properties are utilised to translate bioanalytes trapped on functionalised microbeads from one carrier fluid to another. The carry-over of non-specific material ranges from 1 to 50 ppm relative to input levels depending on application, making acoustophoresis suitable for extraction of rare species from complex environments. Selective extraction of a phosphopeptide relative to its unphosphorylated counterpart is demonstrated using metal oxide affinity capture (MOAC) beads and MALDI-TOF MS readout. Acoustophoresis of microbeads activated with specific binders could be used to capture phage viral particles. The efficiency of the acoustophoretic washing principle was demonstrated by an unspecific phage cross contamination level of only 10(-6) of that in the input bead/phage mixture. The continuous flow format makes acoustophoretic washing flexible regarding sample volume and also allows for easy integration into a sequence of particle handling and analytical unit operations.

AB - Highly efficient washing and extraction of microbeads to decomplex analytes ranging from small peptides to large viruses was realised in a microscaled continuous flow format. The bead washing principle reported herein is based on acoustophoresis, i.e. the primary acoustic radiation force in an ultrasonic standing wave and laminar flow properties are utilised to translate bioanalytes trapped on functionalised microbeads from one carrier fluid to another. The carry-over of non-specific material ranges from 1 to 50 ppm relative to input levels depending on application, making acoustophoresis suitable for extraction of rare species from complex environments. Selective extraction of a phosphopeptide relative to its unphosphorylated counterpart is demonstrated using metal oxide affinity capture (MOAC) beads and MALDI-TOF MS readout. Acoustophoresis of microbeads activated with specific binders could be used to capture phage viral particles. The efficiency of the acoustophoretic washing principle was demonstrated by an unspecific phage cross contamination level of only 10(-6) of that in the input bead/phage mixture. The continuous flow format makes acoustophoretic washing flexible regarding sample volume and also allows for easy integration into a sequence of particle handling and analytical unit operations.

U2 - 10.1039/B811027A

DO - 10.1039/B811027A

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 810

EP - 818

JO - Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology

T2 - Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology

JF - Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology

SN - 1473-0189

IS - 6

ER -