Defective insulin secretion by chronic glucagon receptor activation in glucose intolerant mice.

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Abstract

Stimulation of insulin secretion by short-term glucagon receptor (GCGR) activation is well characterized, however, the effect of long-term GCGR activation on beta-cell function is not known, but of interest, since hyperglucagonemia occurs early during development of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we examined whether chronic GCGR activation affects insulin secretion in glucose intolerant mice. To induce chronic GCGR activation, high-fat diet fed mice were continuously (2wk) infused with the stable glucagon analogue ZP-GA-1 and challenged with oral glucose and intravenous glucose +/- GLP-1. Islets were isolated to evaluate the insulin secretory response to glucose +/- GLP-1 and pancreases were collected for immunohistochemical analysis. Two-week ZP-GA-1 infusion reduced insulin secretion both after oral and intravenous glucose challenges in vivo and in isolated islets. These inhibitory effects were corrected for by GLP-1. Also, we observed increased beta-cell area and islet size. We conclude that induction of chronic ZP-GA-1 levels in glucose intolerant mice markedly reduces insulin secretion, and thus, we suggest that chronic activation of the GCGR may contribute to the failure of beta-cell function during development of type 2 diabetes.

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  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-178
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume228
Early online date2015 Dec 23
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes