Defense mechanisms in alcoholics attending outpatient treatment. Results from the MCT-test (Meta-Contrast Technique)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Defensive strategies were studied in 72 alcoholics participating in outpatient treatment by using, before the treatment started, the Meta-Contrast Technique, MCT, a percept-genetic method. Alcoholics had less often adaptive strategies than controls. A lack of adaptive defense strategies was related to a more impaired psychic status, more psychological benefits from drinking, and more psychiatric symptoms but not to severity of alcoholism or results of psychometric tests (intellectual level, field-dependence, spatial performance). It does not seem inconceivable that the MCT could be used as a diagnostic tool in treatment planning.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Substance Abuse


  • Adaptation, Psychological, Adult, Alcoholism, Ambulatory Care, Defense Mechanisms, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Assessment, Psychometrics, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-8
Number of pages7
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Sep
Publication categoryResearch