Delivering needle-free insulin using AERx (R) iDMS (Insulin Diabetes Management System) technology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background and Methods: Inhaled insulin has recently emerged as an alternative to subcutaneous insulin administration. One inhaled insulin device, AERx (R) (a registered trademark of Aradigm Corp., Hayward, CA, or its affiliates in the United States and other countries) insulin diabetes management system (iDMS) (Novo Nordisk A/S, Bagsvoerd, Denmark), uses a unique liquid human insulin strip to deliver an aerosol of insulin to the lungs. AERx iDMS enables 1-unit increment dosing, and the device ensures that the insulin dose is released at the optimal point of inhalation for delivery to the lungs. Results: Compared with subcutaneous human insulin, the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile of inhaled insulin with AERx iDMS is similar, but with a more rapid onset of action. Data from these pharmacokinetic studies have also demonstrated that inhaled insulin dosing with AERx iDMS is as consistent and reproducible as subcutaneous human insulin. Conclusions: In individuals with diabetes prandial inhaled insulin with AERx iDMS is as effective and well tolerated as subcutaneous prandial human insulin or insulin aspart in terms of glycemic control and overall hypoglycemia. No major safety concerns have been raised with respect to pulmonary function tests. Other clinical studies using AERx iDMS in special populations, such as smokers, people with asthma, or people suffering from upper respiratory tract infections, have provided important information regarding the use of inhaled insulin in these circumstances. Overall, pulmonary insulin delivery with the AERx iDMS device appears to be a promising safe and efficacious alternative to subcutaneous insulin injections.


  • Per Wollmer
  • Thomas R. Pieber
  • Mari-Anne Gall
  • Stephen Brunton
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S57-S64
JournalDiabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch