Depression, anxiety, and psychological defense in attempted suicide: A pilot study using PORT

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Depressive affect, anxiety, and psychological defenses were studied in the presented research with PORT, a projective test that exploits subliminal perception of object-relation images. Protocols of 20 hospitalized suicide attempters were compared to those of 20 matched controls, 34 previously studied non-suicidal depressed patients, 18 patients with panic attac, and 32 patients with borderline and psychotic disorders. The suicide attempters were anxious; their defenses resembled those seen in borderline pathology; depressive reactions were limited in symbolic content; reality testing was poor. The closeness between depression and anxiety in suicidality is further discussed throughout this article. A con¬stella¬tion of signs using the PORT was hypothesized to be a marker for suicidality. The test is deemed useful for future research on suicide.

Details

Authors
  • David Titelman
  • Alf Nilsson
  • Julia Estari
  • Danuta Wasserman
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychology

Keywords

  • projective tests, attempted suicide, depression, anxiety, psychoanalytic theory
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-249
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes