Depression, neighborhood deprivation and risk of type 2 diabetes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neighborhood characteristics have been associated with both depression and diabetes, but to date little attention has been paid to whether the association between depression and diabetes varies across different types of neighborhoods. This prospective study examined the relationship between depression, neighborhood deprivation, and risk of type 2 diabetes among 336,340 adults from a national-representative sample of primary care centers in Sweden (2001-2007). Multi-level logistic regression models were used to assess associations between depression and risk of type 2 diabetes across affluent and deprived neighborhoods. After accounting for demographic, individual-level socioeconomic, and health characteristics, depression was significantly associated with risk of diabetes (odds ratio (OR): 1.10, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-1.14), as was neighborhood deprivation (OR for high vs. low deprivation: 1.66, 95% CI: 1.22-1.34). The interaction term between depression and neighborhood deprivation was non-significant, indicating that the relationship between depression and diabetes risk is similar across levels of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Keywords

  • Depression, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Residence characteristics, Multi-level analysis, Socioeconomic factors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
JournalHealth and Place
Volume23
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Family medicine, cardiovascular epidemiology and lifestyle (013240038), Psychiatry/Primary Care/Public Health (013240500)

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