Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Standard

Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use. / Singh, Jasjit; Warell, Anders; Normark, Jörgen.

Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018. ed. / Stephen Green; Lyndon Buck; Aran Dasan; Erik Bohemia; Ahmed Kovacevic; Peter Childs; Ashley Hall. Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society, 2018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Harvard

Singh, J, Warell, A & Normark, J 2018, Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use. in S Green, L Buck, A Dasan, E Bohemia, A Kovacevic, P Childs & A Hall (eds), Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018. Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society, 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018, London, United Kingdom, 2018/09/06.

APA

Singh, J., Warell, A., & Normark, J. (2018). Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use. In S. Green, L. Buck, A. Dasan, E. Bohemia, A. Kovacevic, P. Childs, & A. Hall (Eds.), Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018 Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society.

CBE

Singh J, Warell A, Normark J. 2018. Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use. Green S, Buck L, Dasan A, Bohemia E, Kovacevic A, Childs P, Hall A, editors. In Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018. Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society.

MLA

Singh, Jasjit, Anders Warell and Jörgen Normark "Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use"., Green, Stephen, Buck, Lyndon, Dasan, Aran Bohemia, Erik Kovacevic, Ahmed Childs, Peter Hall, Ashley (editors). Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018. Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society. 2018.

Vancouver

Singh J, Warell A, Normark J. Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use. In Green S, Buck L, Dasan A, Bohemia E, Kovacevic A, Childs P, Hall A, editors, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018. Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society. 2018

Author

Singh, Jasjit ; Warell, Anders ; Normark, Jörgen. / Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018. editor / Stephen Green ; Lyndon Buck ; Aran Dasan ; Erik Bohemia ; Ahmed Kovacevic ; Peter Childs ; Ashley Hall. Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society, 2018.

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Designing with action layers - A bottom-up approach to explore product interaction for intuitive use

AU - Singh, Jasjit

AU - Warell, Anders

AU - Normark, Jörgen

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This paper presents a design teaching approach that aims to support students to shift their approach when exploring, prototyping and testing user interactions with physical products. This is conducted in a bottom-up, iterative manner to change the perspective from focusing on the opportunities of user-involvement during the form-giving process, rather than prematurely stressing the design outcome. Instead of emphasising on aesthetics and appearance, the design approach emphasises how users perceive, interact with and experience products. Through a series of workshops, a pedagogical approach was developed for exploring and designing user actions with physical products, based on the notion of ‘action layers’. Action layers offer a mindset of designing, which facilitates understanding of, and design for, intuitive and tangible interaction. The approach builds on product semantics and emphasises cognitive and action-based paradigms to create intuitive and embodied information-for-use. Action layers present product interaction as a sequence of four steps; invite, engage, enable, and confirm. In the workshops, students iteratively explored form, prototyped and tested interaction with users through sketching with physical models, starting with minimal surface and edge treatments, eventually ending up with functional cues and meaningful form for a certain product type and environment. Through testing and evaluation, students learn to understand user behaviour, relate to their own expectations and intent to the design situation, and iteratively improve the design. The outcomes suggest that students advance their insights on how users interpret, respond to and interact with products, which consequently extends their ability to design products better suited for use.

AB - This paper presents a design teaching approach that aims to support students to shift their approach when exploring, prototyping and testing user interactions with physical products. This is conducted in a bottom-up, iterative manner to change the perspective from focusing on the opportunities of user-involvement during the form-giving process, rather than prematurely stressing the design outcome. Instead of emphasising on aesthetics and appearance, the design approach emphasises how users perceive, interact with and experience products. Through a series of workshops, a pedagogical approach was developed for exploring and designing user actions with physical products, based on the notion of ‘action layers’. Action layers offer a mindset of designing, which facilitates understanding of, and design for, intuitive and tangible interaction. The approach builds on product semantics and emphasises cognitive and action-based paradigms to create intuitive and embodied information-for-use. Action layers present product interaction as a sequence of four steps; invite, engage, enable, and confirm. In the workshops, students iteratively explored form, prototyped and tested interaction with users through sketching with physical models, starting with minimal surface and edge treatments, eventually ending up with functional cues and meaningful form for a certain product type and environment. Through testing and evaluation, students learn to understand user behaviour, relate to their own expectations and intent to the design situation, and iteratively improve the design. The outcomes suggest that students advance their insights on how users interpret, respond to and interact with products, which consequently extends their ability to design products better suited for use.

KW - Design Elements

KW - Design thinking

KW - Product design

KW - Product semantics

KW - Product semiotics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057756416&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Paper in conference proceeding

AN - SCOPUS:85057756416

BT - Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018

A2 - Green, Stephen

A2 - Buck, Lyndon

A2 - Dasan, Aran

A2 - Bohemia, Erik

A2 - Kovacevic, Ahmed

A2 - Childs, Peter

A2 - Hall, Ashley

PB - Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society

T2 - 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, E and PDE 2018

Y2 - 6 September 2018 through 7 September 2018

ER -