Determination of hexahydrophthalic acid and methylhexahydrophthalic acid in plasma after derivatisation with pentafluorobenzyl bromide using gas chromatography and mass spectrometric detection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A method for the simultaneous determination of hexahydrophthalic acid (HHP acid) and methylhexahydrophthalic acid (MHHP acid) in human plasma was developed. The procedure was a rapid, single step extractive derivatisation with pentafluorobenzyl bromide as the derivatisation agent. The formed pentafluorobenzyl esters were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in negative ion chemical ionisation mode with ammonia as the moderating gas. Deuterium-labeled HHP acid and MHHP acid were used as internal standards. The detection limit was 0.4 ng/ml for HHP acid (m/z 153) and 0.3 ng/ml for MHHP acid (m/z 365). The within-day precision of the method was between 2 and 3% and the between-day precision was between 3 and 12%. The overall recovery was between 65 and 83%. A comparison between HHP acid determinations with a previous and this method showed that the methods gave similar results. The method was applicable for analysis of plasma from occupationally exposed workers.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health


  • Hexahydrophthalic acid, Methylhexahydrophthalic acid
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-339
JournalJournal of Chromatography. B
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Publication categoryResearch