Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Standard

Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins. / Wang, Faming; Kuklane, Kalev; Gao, Chuansi; Holmér, Ingvar; Havenith, George.

Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings. ed. / Yi Li; Yiping Qiu; Xiaonan Luo; Jiashen Li. Vol. 1-3 Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited, 2010. p. 1213-1218.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Harvard

Wang, F, Kuklane, K, Gao, C, Holmér, I & Havenith, G 2010, Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins. in Y Li, Y Qiu, X Luo & J Li (eds), Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings. vol. 1-3, Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited, pp. 1213-1218, 3rd International Symposium of Textile Bioengineering and Informatics , Shanghai, China, 2010/05/28.

APA

Wang, F., Kuklane, K., Gao, C., Holmér, I., & Havenith, G. (2010). Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins. In Y. Li, Y. Qiu, X. Luo, & J. Li (Eds.), Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings (Vol. 1-3, pp. 1213-1218). Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited.

CBE

Wang F, Kuklane K, Gao C, Holmér I, Havenith G. 2010. Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins. Li Y, Qiu Y, Luo X, Li J, editors. In Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings. Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited. pp. 1213-1218.

MLA

Wang, Faming et al. "Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins"., Li, Yi and Qiu, Yiping Luo, Xiaonan Li, Jiashen (editors). Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings. Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited. 2010, 1213-1218.

Vancouver

Wang F, Kuklane K, Gao C, Holmér I, Havenith G. Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins. In Li Y, Qiu Y, Luo X, Li J, editors, Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1-3. Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited. 2010. p. 1213-1218

Author

Wang, Faming ; Kuklane, Kalev ; Gao, Chuansi ; Holmér, Ingvar ; Havenith, George. / Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins. Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings. editor / Yi Li ; Yiping Qiu ; Xiaonan Luo ; Jiashen Li. Vol. 1-3 Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited, 2010. pp. 1213-1218

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins

AU - Wang, Faming

AU - Kuklane, Kalev

AU - Gao, Chuansi

AU - Holmér, Ingvar

AU - Havenith, George

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Thermal manikins are useful tools to study the clothing comfort and environmental ergonomics. The simulation of sweating can be achieved by putting a highly wicking stretchable knit fabric “skin” on top of the manikin. However, the addition of such a fabric skin makes it is difficult to accurately measure the skin surface temperature. Moreover, it takes considerable amount of time to measure the fabric skin surface temperature for each test. At present the attachment of temperature sensors to the wet fabric skin is still a challenge. The distance of the sensors to the fabric skin could significantly influence the temperature and relative humidity values of the wet skin surface. Hence, we conducted an intensive skin study on a dry thermal manikin to investigate the relationships among the nude manikin surface temperature, heat losses and the fabric skin surface temperature. An empirical equation was developed and validated on the thermal manikin "Tore" at Lund University. The empirical equation at ambient temperature 34 oC is Tsk =34.00- 0.0103HL. This equation can be used to enhance the prediction accuracy on the sweating skin surface temperature and the calculation of clothing evaporative resistance.

AB - Thermal manikins are useful tools to study the clothing comfort and environmental ergonomics. The simulation of sweating can be achieved by putting a highly wicking stretchable knit fabric “skin” on top of the manikin. However, the addition of such a fabric skin makes it is difficult to accurately measure the skin surface temperature. Moreover, it takes considerable amount of time to measure the fabric skin surface temperature for each test. At present the attachment of temperature sensors to the wet fabric skin is still a challenge. The distance of the sensors to the fabric skin could significantly influence the temperature and relative humidity values of the wet skin surface. Hence, we conducted an intensive skin study on a dry thermal manikin to investigate the relationships among the nude manikin surface temperature, heat losses and the fabric skin surface temperature. An empirical equation was developed and validated on the thermal manikin "Tore" at Lund University. The empirical equation at ambient temperature 34 oC is Tsk =34.00- 0.0103HL. This equation can be used to enhance the prediction accuracy on the sweating skin surface temperature and the calculation of clothing evaporative resistance.

KW - empirical equation

KW - isothermal

KW - skin surface temperature

KW - fabric skin

KW - thermal manikin

KW - clothing ensemble

M3 - Paper in conference proceeding

VL - 1-3

SP - 1213

EP - 1218

BT - Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings

A2 - Li, Yi

A2 - Qiu, Yiping

A2 - Luo, Xiaonan

A2 - Li, Jiashen

PB - Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited

ER -