Developments in Swedish forest policy and administration – from a 'policy of restriction' towards a 'policy of cooperation'

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

New tools and forms of cooperation at the landscape level are needed in order for forestry and environmental conservation to co-exist in areas with many land owners. Awareness has existed for several years in Sweden that cooperation at the landscape level is essential for protecting areas of high environmental value. This awareness has come to expression in several projects and initiatives. One of these projects is the Östra Vätterbranterna Partnership, a successful example of the new orientation towards environmental management as formulated in the government bill Sustainable protection of nature areas: new working methods with a focus on collaboration and increased dialogue by involving more actors and utilizing a greater combination of steering instruments. This development resonates with the growing trend towards deregulation and less state intervention in environmental management, implying a stronger emphasis on new governance structures and market-driven processes.
This paper examines the preconditions for a development towards governance-oriented forms of steering in the area of environmental policy and law, with specific emphasis on the protection of forestry areas with high environmental value. Paralleling this development, the transformation of environmental public administration is analyzed, using a model representing three different perspectives on administration’s role, values and meaning, showing state action’s progressive transition from ‘rowing’ to ‘steering’ to ‘serving’ and facilitating.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Law and Society

Keywords

  • Policy instruments, Governance, Environmental regulation, Forest policy, Public environmental administration, Soft law
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-199
JournalScandinavian Journal of Forest Research
Volume27
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes