Dicționarul personajelor din teatrul lui Lucian Blaga

Research output: Book/ReportBook


Mira is the perfect purity where the demonic of the master mason has no access. The craftsman’s wife is the embodiment of innocence, the heavenly depiction of mankind as opposed to demonic Manole. “Serenity” and “light” are words that repeatedly occur in her monologue thus suggesting the plenitudine of being she is about to conceive when she would be raising into the light her perfect precious, the church. Găman is the embodiment and the expression of the dark, ancient faith of the earth’s powers. The very appearance of the character in the story of the play seems to be part of a different logic, the fabulosity, the heresy, “fairy-tale like figure”. He utters the words dissonantly and links the sentences into texts that have seemingly no logic for he professes a magic ritual, usually unconsciously, while falling into a trance, ecstatically, mediated by sleeping commonly. Through this ritual he enables the connection with another world, that of the powers of the earth.
The builders imagine through their sensitive responses a generic humanity. They are masons by spiritual vocation, actually emissaries of the anonymous crowd. Manole’s journeymen stay for the dramatic swing between the ideal and egotism, which precedes the collective creation of a miracle, if committed in the name of humanity. The third mason, while explaining the work of art, metamorphoses it from an aesthetic to a religious asset. The sixth mason is the most outlined of all builders for he carries out a separate part that is to constantly gainsay Manole, to incite to insubordination and rebellion. The eighth mason is fully aware of the outstanding artistic accomplishment of all builders, their edifice about to become a cultural and even political symbol of the nation.
There are several characters with a brief appearance in the history of the drama, thus having an apparent minor significance in designing the play. They seem to be mere “working tools” for the playwright. However when relating them to the major issues of the literary product and if integrating them in a larger vision of the whole creation of the author their significance and role can be outlined in a more adequate manner. The Herald may stand for the impossibility of the common man to understand the drama of the artist, for the incapacity of a mediocre person to assimilate the aspirations of the genius. The Second Carter is a good opportunity to express the middle-ages relations between the Orthodoxy of the Romanians and the Lutheranism of the Saxons in Transylvania, the Protestantism and the whole religious Reform having been rejected naturally by the Romanian people. The Third Carter is the pretext to express in an artistic manner a historical reality, i.e. the major role Târgovişte played as a spiritual focal point for the Romanian middle-ages Orthodoxy, but also as a centre for the religious printings in Romanian or Slavonic languages. Also one can distinguish the suggestion of a light irony on the behalf of the author with regards to the human prosaic hypostasis of the Romanian Orthodox priests when associating their two fundamental habits, anointing the priests and taking care of their own housekeeping. The Voivode is an image of a person with a subtle, diplomatic intelligence that leaves room for a waggish wit. He is fully aware of his condition as patron of church building. He hesitates between two decisions he should make concerning Manole the Craftsman: either to highly praise the artist, the creator or to sentence to death the human murderer. Whichever decision he would make, he knows very well his prerogative as a ruler is absolute and supreme, the middle-ages autocracy allowing him anything. Having a refined spirit, the Voivode understands from the very beginning both the superlative features of the creation and the sacrifice of the creator. His attitude seems to be benevolent, conciliatory, as he is very satisfied with the “gift” of the Masons – in his view the church belongs both to the ruler and to God. It becomes obvious the Voivode urges Manole to enjoy the “fruit of his endeavor andof his hands”. He forgives Manole, having been convinced that at the Last Judgment the church Manole has built would exculpate him of all sins. After Manole commits suicide the Voivode pays him the proper respect. The whole portrait configures the Voivode as an exceptional ambassador of his people, at a far distance from the bloody figure portrayed in some variants of the folk ballad, closer to the real historical character, the benefactor of the Argeş Monastery, Neagoe.


  • Lucian Bagiu
  • Constantin Cubleşan
  • Diana Câmpan
  • Gabriela Chiciudean
  • Ileana Ghemeş
  • Emilia Ivancu
  • Georgeta Orian
  • Mircea Popa
  • Carmina Tămăzlăcaru
  • Iuliana Wainberg-Drăghiciu
External organisations
  • 1 Decembrie 1918 University, Alba Iulia
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Specific Literatures
  • History of Religions
  • Cultural Studies


  • carter, church, creator, herald, Orthodoxy, role, voivode, creation, earth, masons, sacrifice, woman
Translated title of the contributionThe Dictionary of Characters from Lucian Blaga’s Theater
Original languageRomanian
Number of pages453
ISBN (Print)973-35-1958-8
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Publication categoryResearch

Publication series


Bibliographic note

The coordinator of the book was Constantin Cubleşan, whereas Lucian Bâgiu was responsible for the characters of the play Meşterul Manole – Manole the Craftsman (1927). The book was granted Premiul pentru exegeză blagiană (The Prize for the Exegesis of Lucian Blaga’s Work) within the International Festival „Lucian Blaga” Cluj-Napoca, 15th edition, 5th-7th May 2005; also Diploma of the Local Representatives of the Romanian Government`s Institution within the International Festival “Lucian Blaga”, 25th edition, Alba Iulia, May 2005. The Dictionary analyzes, in alphabetical order, all of the characters from the ten plays written by Lucian Blaga: 1921 - Zamolxis, A Pagan Mystery 1923 - Whirling Waters 1925 - Daria, The Deed, Resurrection 1927 - Manole the Craftsman ( Mesterul Manole ) 1930 - The Children's Crusade 1934 - Avram Iancu 1944 - Noah's Ark 1964 - Anton Pann - published posthumously.

Related research output

Bagiu, L., 2014, Iasi: Tipo Moldova. 340 p. (OPERA OMNIA publicistică şi eseu contemporan)

Research output: Book/ReportBook

View all (1)

Related activities

Lucian Bagiu (Speaker)
2006 May 4

Activity: Talk or presentationPresentation

Lucian Bagiu (Participant)
2005 May 5

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventParticipation in conference

View all (2)

Related prizes

Lucian Bagiu (Recipient), 2005 May 5

Prizes and Distinctions: Prize (including medals and awards)

Lucian Bagiu (Recipient), 2011 Oct 1

Prizes and Distinctions: Prize (including medals and awards)

Lucian Bagiu (Recipient), 2005 May 9

Prizes and Distinctions: Prize (including medals and awards)

View all (4)