Dielectric spectroscopy of ionic microgel suspensions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The determination of the net charge and size of microgel particles as a function of their concentration, as well as the degree of association of ions to the microgel backbone, has been pursued in earlier studies mainly by scattering and rheology. These methods suffer from contributions due to inter-particle interactions that interfere with the characterization of single-particle properties. Here we introduce dielectric spectroscopy as an alternative experimental method to characterize microgel systems. The advantage of dielectric spectroscopy over other experimental methods is that the polarization due to mobile charges within a microgel particle is only weakly affected by inter-particle interactions. Apart from electrode polarization effects, experimental spectra on PNIPAM-co-AA [poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid)] ionic microgel particles suspended in de-ionized water exhibit three well-separated relaxation modes, which are due to the polarization of the mobile charges within the microgel particles, the diffuse double layer around the particles, and the polymer backbone. Expressions for the full frequency dependence of the electrode-polarization contribution to the measured dielectric response are derived, and a theory is proposed for the polarization resulting from the mobile charges within the microgel. Relaxation of the diffuse double layer is modeled within the realm of a cell model. The net charge and the size of the microgel particles are found to be strongly varying with concentration. A very small value of the diffusion coefficient of ions within the microgel is found, due to a large degree of chemical association of protons to the polymer backbone.


External organisations
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT)
  • Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy
  • Jülich Research Centre
  • CSIC Centro de Física de Materiales (UPV/EHU)
  • University of the Basque Country
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physical Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9705-9727
Number of pages23
JournalSoft Matter
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch