Dieta y Crecimiento Infantil Medieval en una Sociedad Rural del Norte de Europa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Bibtex

@inproceedings{4974ed9164cb4e6893d65ed27a119284,
title = "Dieta y Crecimiento Infantil Medieval en una Sociedad Rural del Norte de Europa",
abstract = "ABSTRACT Introduction: Scientists from many disciplines have studied population, church and burials from the Early Medieval churchyard V{\"a}sterhus/Westerhus in Middle Sweden. Archaeology, anthropology, odontology and demography of this population have been investigated. The present project group has, above all, investigated teeth, bones and bone chemistry. But also many archaeological questions have been enlightened during the work. Methods: In this contribution, we penetrate the diet of the children through investigations of the trace element Strontium and of Nitrogen isotopes, which have been used to map breast-feeding as well as diet during later child-hood. Results: Most children have been wet-nursed up to the age of 1.5-2 years. From the age of about 5 years, the children consumed similar food as the adults. It seems as if most children, regardless of family relation, were breastfed by women 391 XIX Congreso de la Sociedad Espa{\~n}ola de Antropolog{\'i}a F{\'i}sica working at the manor. Bone elements from all body parts of the children have been measured meticulously. In this article we have focused on growth of the skeletal elements from the lower extremity. Teeth have also been measured and used for age determination. Occurrence of cribra orbitalia and enamel hypoplasia has, further, been registered. Conclusions: We demonstrate how bone size of the leg related to age has been influenced by nutrition and disease as expressed by occurrence of cribra orbitalia. Keywords: Medieval churchyard, children, diet, growth. RESUMEN Introducci{\'o}n: Cient{\'i}ficos de diferentes disciplinas han estudiado la poblaci{\'o}n medieval de la Baja Edad Media a partir de las tumbas y el cementerio de la iglesia de V{\"a}sterhus/Westerhus (Suecia central). Utilizando estos restos se ha estudido la arqueolog{\'i}a, antropolog{\'i}a, odontolog{\'i}a y demograf{\'i}a de esta poblaci{\'o}n. En esta investigaci{\'o}n se estudiaron sobre todo dientes, huesos y composici{\'o}n qu{\'i}mica de los mismos, pero tambi{\'e}n se elucidaron muchas cuestiones arqueol{\'o}gicas durante el trabajo. Metodolog{\'i}a: Para esta comunicaci{\'o}n, se investig{\'o} sobre la alimentaci{\'o}n infantil a trav{\'e}s de elementos traza de Estroncio e isotopos de Nitr{\'o}geno, que fueron utilizados para describir los patrones de lactancia as{\'i} como la alimentaci{\'o}n en la ni{\~n}ez. Resultados: La mayor{\'i}a de los ni{\~n}os y ni{\~n}as fueron amamantados hasta los 1.5- 2 a{\~n}os de edad. Desde los 5 a{\~n}os aproximadamente los ni{\~n}os ten{\'i}an una alimentaci{\'o}n similar a la de los adultos. Parece ser que la mayor{\'i}a de los ni{\~n}os, eran amamantados por mujeres que trabajaban en el se{\~n}or{\'i}o, independientemente de la relaci{\'o}n familiar. Se midieron meticulosamente los huesos de ni{\~n}os de todas las partes del cuerpo. En esta comunicaci{\'o}n nos centraremos en elementos {\'o}seos de la extremidad inferior. Los dientes fueron medidos y utilizados para la determinaci{\'o}n de la edad. Se registr{\'o} tambi{\'e}n la presencia de cribra orbitalia y de hipoplasia del esmalte. Conclusiones: Se observ{\'o} relaci{\'o}n entre la longitud del hueso de la pierna por edad y nutrition y enfermedad, mediante la presencia de cribra orbitalia. Palabras clave: cementerio medieval, ni{\~n}os, alimentaci{\'o}n, crecimiento.",
author = "Elisabeth Iregren and Verner Alexandersen and H{\"o}gne Jungner and Per-Erik Isberg",
year = "2016",
language = "spanska",
isbn = "978-84-617-5299-7",
pages = "391--406",
editor = "{Montero Lopez}, Pilar and {Prado Mart{\'i}nez}, Consuleo and {Avecedo Cantero}, Paula and Margarita Carmenate and {del Valle}, Antonio and Jes{\'u}s Herrer{\'i}n and {Romero Collazos}, {Juan Francisco} and Kristin Keller and {L{\'o}pez Ejeda}, {Noemi } and {Mors Urda}, {Ana Isabel}",
booktitle = "Poblaciones Humanas, Gen{\'e}tica, Ambiente y Alimentaci{\'o}n",
publisher = "Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Aut{\'o}noma Madrid",

}