Differences in fracture pattern between an urban and a rural population: a comparative population-based study in southern Sweden

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Abstract

Differences in the incidence of hip fractures have been reported between urban and rural areas. In this population-based study the characteristics of fracture patterns between the city of Malmo and the nearby rural district of Sjobo were compared. A total of 782 individuals in Malmo and 486 in Sjobo were invited to participate. Fracture history for all invited was registered. The odds ratio for fracture was higher in Malmo, particularly for women over 70. More than half of the urban women aged 70 had a history of a fracture. A fourfold increase in fracture prevalence between the ages of 60 and 70 was observed in women in Malmo, whereas the prevalence doubled in Sjobo. The differences in fracture patterns between these two urban and rural communities may be explained by different lifestyles.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • Fracture prevalence, Residence, Life-style
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-273
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume2
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes