Differences in mechanical properties of the common carotid artery and abdominal aorta in healthy males

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: Vascular disease is differentiated throughout the vascular regions, with central arteries more prone to dilation and with peripheral arteries more prone to occlusive disease. In this study we investigated the diameter and compliance in the common carotid artery and abdominal aorta in healthy males at varying ages to assess potential differences in the aging process. METHODS: An ultrasound phase-locked echo-tracking system was used to determine differences in diameter and pulsatile diameter changes of the common carotid artery and abdominal aorta in 56 healthy Caucasian males ages 10 to 74 years. Pressure strain elastic modulus (Ep) and stiffness (beta) were calculated from diameter, pulsatile diameter change, and blood pressure obtained by the auscultatory method. Compliance was defined as the inverse of Ep and stiffness. RESULTS: The diameter of both common carotid artery and abdominal aorta increases not only when a person is a child, but also when they are between 25 and 70 years old. The dilation in adults seems to be more accentuated in the abdominal aorta (27%) than in the common carotid artery (17%). Ep and stiffness (beta) are higher in the common carotid artery when a person is 10 years of age (p < 0.01 and 0.05). However, during aging, Ep and stiffness (beta) increase to a higher extent in the aorta than in the common carotid artery, with a significantly higher Ep and stiffness (beta) in the aorta when a person is 45 years and older (45 years: p < 0.05 and p = NS; 60 years: p < 0.001 and p < 0.001; 70 years: p < 0.01 and p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This investigation demonstrates regional differences in diameter change and compliance in the common carotid artery and abdominal aorta and implies that the abdominal aorta is more prone to degenerative changes than the common carotid artery. This may be one etiologic factor for the regional differences in vascular disease.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-225
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume20
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Surgery Research Unit (013242220), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200)