Diffusion tensor MRI to distinguish progressive supranuclear palsy from a-synucleinopathies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The differential diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and Lewy body disorders, which include Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, is often challenging due to the overlapping symptoms. Purpose: To develop a diagnostic tool based on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to distinguish between PSP and Lewy body disorders at the individual-subject level. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, skeletonized DTI metrics were extracted from two independent data sets: the discovery cohort from the Swedish BioFINDER study and the validation cohort from the Penn Frontotemporal Degeneration Center (data collected between 2010 and 2018). Based on previous neuroimaging studies and neuropathologic evidence, a combination of regions hypothesized to be sensitive to pathologic features of PSP were identified (ie, the superior cerebellar peduncle and frontal white matter) and fractional anisotropy (FA) was used to compute an FA score for each individual. Classification performances were assessed by using logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analysis. Results: In the discovery cohort, 16 patients with PSP (mean age 6 standard deviation, 73 years 6 5; eight women, eight men), 34 patients with Lewy body disorders (mean age, 71 years 6 6; 14 women, 20 men), and 44 healthy control participants (mean age, 66 years 6 8; 26 women, 18 men) were evaluated. The FA score distinguished between clinical PSP and Lewy body disorders with an area under the curve of 0.97 6 0.04, a specificity of 91% (31 of 34), and a sensitivity of 94% (15 of 16). In the validation cohort, 34 patients with PSP (69 years 6 7; 22 women, 12 men), 25 patients with Lewy body disorders (70 years 6 7; nine women, 16 men), and 32 healthy control participants (64 years 6 7; 22 women, 10 men) were evaluated. The accuracy of the FA score was confirmed (area under the curve, 0.96 6 0.04; specificity, 96% [24 of 25]; and sensitivity, 85% [29 of 34]). Conclusion: These cross-validated findings lay the foundation for a clinical test to distinguish progressive supranuclear palsy from Lewy body disorders.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • University College London
  • University of Queensland
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-653
Number of pages8
JournalRadiology
Volume293
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes