Digital reconstruction and visualization in archaeology Case-study drawn from the work of the Swedish Pompeii Project

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter


The Swedish Pompeii Project started in 2000 as a research and fieldwork activity initiated by the Swedish Institute in Rome. The aim was to record and analyze an entire Pompeian city-block, Insula V 1. Since autumn 2011 a new branch of advanced digital archaeology, involving 3D reconstructions and documentation methods, was added to the project agenda. The insula was completely digitized using laser scanner technology and the raw data were employed to develop different research activities in the area of digital visualization. This paper presents the recent results of the 3D interpretation of the house of Caecilius Iucundus. This research activity was developed employing a large variety of historical and archaeological sources such as: archaeological reports, historical image documentation (printed as well as in edited material) and analysis of the in situ structures. This work was characterized by the experimentation of a new workflow of data development, where the elaboration of the interpreted structures took place directly in virtual space, using the scanned model as geometrical reference. This method easily connected all the historical and archaeological sources collected for the interpretation, opening a new discussion about different possible interpretation of the house. Moreover, a Cave Automatic Virtual Environment (CAVE) was used in different occasions as platform where the different hypotheses could be discussed in the context given by the actual state of the archaeological structures. The use of an accurate and resolute replica of the site as a backdrop for the virtual reconstruction allowed a high level of control on the proposed hypotheses during the interpretation process. This study enabled the acquisition of new and important information about the house, thus, bringing a significant contribution to the archaeological analysis of Insula V 1, suggested as pilot project for wider use.


External organisations
  • CNR Istituto per le Tecnologie Applicate ai Beni Culturali (CNR-ITABC)
  • CNR The Institute of Information Science and Technology (ISTI)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Classical Archaeology and Ancient History


  • Laser Scanning, Virtual Archaeology, Digital Reconstruction, Data consistency, Interpretation
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 Digital Heritage International Congress
EditorsAlonzo C. Addison, Gabriele Guidi, Livio De Luca, Sofia Pescarin
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherIEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-3169-9
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Event1st Digital Heritage International Congress - Marseilles, France
Duration: 2013 Oct 282013 Nov 1


Conference1st Digital Heritage International Congress

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