Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4): Localization and activity in human and rodent islets.

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Abstract

Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) was recently found to be expressed in human and mouse islets with different expression patterns. However, whether species-dependent expression pattern is a generalized phenomenon and whether islet DPP-4 activity is regulated are not known. This study was conducted to investigate DPP-4 localization in several different species, and to examine the impact of glucose, incretin hormones, and insulin on islet DPP-4 activity. It was shown by immuofluorescent staining that there were two distinct species-specific expression patterns of islet DPP-4. The enzyme was expressed exclusively in α-cells in human and pig islets, but primarily in β-cells in mouse and rat islets. INS-1 832/13 cells also expressed DPP-4, and inhibition of DPP-4 enhanced insulin secretion in the presence of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in the cells. DPP-4 activity was remarkably robust when cultured with high glucose, incretin hormones, and insulin in mouse and human islets as well as INS-1 832/13 cells and islet DPP-4 activity and expression pattern was not altered in double incretin receptor knockout mice, compared to wild type mice. We conclude that islet DPP-4 is species-specifically expressed in α-cell and β-cell dominant patterns in several species and both patterns remained robust in enzyme activity during short-term metabolic challenge.

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  • Biological Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-404
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume453
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes