Direct electron transfer between copper-containing proteins and electrodes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


The electrochemistry of some copper-containing proteins and enzymes, viz. azurin, galactose oxidase, tyrosinase (catechol oxidase), and the "blue" multicopper oxidases (ascorbate oxidase, bilirubin oxidase, ceruloplasmin, laccase) is reviewed and discussed in conjunction with their basic biochemical and structural characteristics. It is shown that long-range electron transfer between these enzymes and electrodes can be established, and the mechanistic schemes of the DET processes are proposed. (c) 2004 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.


  • Sergey Shleev
  • Jan Tkac
  • Andreas Christenson
  • Tautgirdas Ruzgas
  • A I Yaropolov
  • J W Whittaker
  • Lo Gorton
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Analytical Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2517-2554
JournalBiosensors & Bioelectronics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Analytical Chemistry (S/LTH) (011001004)