Disease Modification by Combinatorial Single Vector Gene Therapy: A Preclinical Translational Study in Epilepsy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Gene therapy has been suggested as a plausible novel approach to achieve seizure control in patients with focal epilepsy that do not adequately respond to pharmacological treatment. We investigated the seizure-suppressant potential of combinatorial neuropeptide Y and Y2 receptor single vector gene therapy based on adeno-associated virus serotype 1 (AAV1) in rats. First, a dose-response study in the systemic kainate-induced acute seizure model was performed, whereby the 1012 genomic particles (gp)/mL titer of the vector was selected as an optimal concentration. Second, an efficacy study was performed in the intrahippocampal kainate chronic model of spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRSs), designed to reflect a likely clinical scenario, with magnetic resonance image (MRI)-guided focal unilateral administration of the vector in the hippocampus during the chronic stage of the disease. The efficacy study demonstrated a favorable outcome of the gene therapy, with a 31% responder rate (more than 50% reduction in SRS frequency) and 13% seizure-freedom rate, whereas no such effects were observed in the control animals. The inter-SRS and SRS cluster intervals were also significantly prolonged in the treated group compared to controls. In addition, the SRS duration was significantly reduced in the treated group but not in the controls. This study establishes the SRS-suppressant ability of the single vector combinatorial neuropeptide Y/Y2 receptor gene therapy in a clinically relevant chronic model of epilepsy.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • CombiGene AB
  • University of Copenhagen
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-193
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Therapy - Methods and Clinical Development
Volume15
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 13
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes