Disease progression and costs of care in Alzheimer's disease patients treated with donepezil: a longitudinal naturalistic cohort.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Improved data and methods are needed for modeling disease progression in Alzheimer's disease (AD) for economic evaluation of treatments. The aim is to estimate prediction models for long-term AD progression and subsequently economic outcomes.

METHODS: Three-year follow-up data on 435 patients treated with the cholinesterase inhibitor donepezil in clinical practise were analyzed. Regression models were estimated for long-term prediction of decline in cognitive function (ADAS-cog) and activities in daily living (ADL) ability, risk of institutionalization and costs of care.

RESULTS: The cognitive deterioration was estimated at between 1.6 and 4 ADAS-cog points per every 6 months, increasing with disease severity. Cognitive function was an important predictor of ADL-ability, which itself was the most important predictor of the risk of institutionalization and costs of care. Combining all models in a cross-validation process generated accurate predictions of costs of care at each 6 months follow-up.

CONCLUSION: The proposed methods for representing AD progression and economic outcomes can be used in micro-simulation models for the economic evaluation of new treatments.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Clinical Medicine
  • Neurology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-568
JournalEuropean Journal of Health Economics
Volume13
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes