Diskurspartiklar hos ungdomar i mångspråkiga miljöer i Malmö

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)


The thesis investigates the use of the discourse particles duvet (you know), ju (as you know), ba(ra) (just), liksom (like), and typ (sort of) among adolescents in contemporary multilingual settings in Malmö.
The data is drawn from a corpus of 6 hours’ spontaneous group conversations between female participants. The conversations were audiotaped at two upper secondary schools during the semesters of 2002–2003 and 2003–2004. One of the groups consists of six informants who are all non-native speakers of Swedish. In a linguistic perception test they have been classified as speakers of a specific variety, Rosengård Swedish, by peer listeners. The other group also consists of six female informants who are all native speakers of Swedish. The same test shows that they are not speakers of Rosengård Swedish.
The aims of the thesis are to describe the functions and meanings of the discourse particles and to compare the use of them between the two groups.
The discourse particles are analysed from syntactical, phonetic, semantic, and pragmatic points of view. The investigation has a quantitative as well as a qualitative direction. The analyses are eclectically anchored.
The results show that the discourse particles are polyfunctional and polysemous. The participants in both groups apply a high-involvement conversational style. There are significant differences between the groups regarding the frequency of duvet, ju, and liksom.. There is also a difference between the groups concerning the insertion of the discourse particles in the syntactic structure. The differences between the groups can be the result of group solidarity, the conception of discourse particles vis-à-vis sentence adverbials, and also due to automatization of a specific syntactic structure.


  • Gudrun Svensson
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Languages and Literature


  • varieties, liksom, typ, du vet, bara, ba, ju, grammaticalization, functional grammar, speech acts, native speakers, information structure, conversational analysis, non-native speakers, contemporary Swedish, adolescents, discourse particles, casual talk
Translated title of the contributionDiscourse Particles in Youth Talk in Multilingual Settings in Malmö
Original languageSwedish
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
Award date2009 Apr 4
  • Lund University Press
Print ISBNs978-91-628-7661-6
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2009-04-04 Time: 10:15 Place: Edens hörsal, Paradisgatan 5, Lund External reviewer(s) Name: Norrby, Catrin Title: Ass. Prof. Affiliation: University of Melbourne, Australien --- The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Centre for Languages and Literature (015016000), Swedish (015011001)