Dissociation of the Inflammatory Reaction following PCI for Acute Myocardial Infarction

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Neutrophils are activated and infiltrate the myocardium after ischemia and reperfusion. The involvement of neutrophils in irreversible reperfusion injury is suggested by numerous experimental studies. The aim of this study was to investigate markers of neutrophil activation following reperfusion of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) accomplished with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and their relationship to markers of lipid peroxidation, cytokines and highly-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP). DESIGN: Non-consecutive patients with their first myocardial infarction were evaluated. Setting. University hospital as primary referral center, single center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients with AMI were evaluated. All were treated with primary PCI and infusion of abciximab. Reperfusion was verified by angiography. Blood samples for analyses of myeloperoxidase (MPO), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-isoprostane-prostaglandin F2alpha (Iso-P), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factoralpha (TNFalpha), hsCRP, creatine kinase-monobasic fraction (CK-MB) and troponin-T (TnT) were obtained at baseline with the occluded coronary vessel, and subsequently after verified reperfusion at 1.5, 3 and 24 hours. RESULTS: Significant increases in MMP-9, IL-6, IL-8, TNFalpha and hsCRP were observed, and a significant decrease in MPO and MDA was also observed over the same period. No significant changes in Iso-P and NGAL were found. CONCLUSION: We found a dissociation of the inflammatory reaction after PCI for AMI: a decrease of markers of neutrophil activation and MDA, but an increase in cytokines and hsCRP. An antineutrophil effect of the PCI procedure including treatment with abciximab, an antiplatelet drug and a modulator of inflammation, is conceivable.

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  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-456
JournalThe Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Volume19
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes