Dissociative Experiences and Trauma Exposure Among Newly Arrived and Settled Young War Refugees

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Dissociative Experiences and Trauma Exposure Among Newly Arrived and Settled Young War Refugees. / Gušić, Sabina; Cardeña, Etzel; Bengtsson, Hans; Søndergaard, Hans Peter.

In: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, Vol. 26, No. 10, 2017, p. 1132-1149.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Dissociative Experiences and Trauma Exposure Among Newly Arrived and Settled Young War Refugees

AU - Gušić, Sabina

AU - Cardeña, Etzel

AU - Bengtsson, Hans

AU - Søndergaard, Hans Peter

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - War-traumatized refugee adolescents are a vulnerable and understudied group. This study of two different groups of war-traumatized youth (N = 77) resettled in Sweden (newly arrived refugee adolescents, n = 42, 13–19 years, and settled students with childhood war experiences, n = 35, 11–18 years) evaluated their war experiences, refugee journey, general trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and dissociative experiences. Both groups had experienced many traumas and a substantial proportion reported levels consistent with posttraumatic stress (71% in the newly arrived group and 34% among the settled students) and dissociation (36% and 23%, respectively). The study also provides information about the type of adverse events experienced by war-refugee adolescents, including their own subjective appraisals of the worst events. The results show that the extent of trauma exposure and posttraumatic and dissociative symptomatology among refugee adolescents are considerable even after a period of resettlement, a finding that has educational, clinical, and social implications.

AB - War-traumatized refugee adolescents are a vulnerable and understudied group. This study of two different groups of war-traumatized youth (N = 77) resettled in Sweden (newly arrived refugee adolescents, n = 42, 13–19 years, and settled students with childhood war experiences, n = 35, 11–18 years) evaluated their war experiences, refugee journey, general trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and dissociative experiences. Both groups had experienced many traumas and a substantial proportion reported levels consistent with posttraumatic stress (71% in the newly arrived group and 34% among the settled students) and dissociation (36% and 23%, respectively). The study also provides information about the type of adverse events experienced by war-refugee adolescents, including their own subjective appraisals of the worst events. The results show that the extent of trauma exposure and posttraumatic and dissociative symptomatology among refugee adolescents are considerable even after a period of resettlement, a finding that has educational, clinical, and social implications.

KW - Adolescents

KW - dissociation

KW - posttraumatic stress

KW - refugee

KW - war

U2 - 10.1080/10926771.2017.1365792

DO - 10.1080/10926771.2017.1365792

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85029702074

VL - 26

SP - 1132

EP - 1149

JO - Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma

JF - Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma

SN - 1092-6771

IS - 10

ER -