Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) export from subarctic areas analyzed using a GIS/remote sensing approach

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Abstract

Subarctic ecosystems are predicted to experience the fastest responses to climate change on the planet, with dramatically altered vegetation patterns, frost dynamics and hydrological flow paths. The resulting change in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) export to river systems is poorly known, but reports of rising DOC in northern surface waters have led to widespread speculations on a possible climate-induced freshwater ‘brownification’. In this study we explore the possibility of using the Normalized Vegetation Difference Index (NDVI) together with easily available topographical indices to model the DOC release into first-order streams, focusing on a subarctic area of Sweden (Stordalen) with discontinuous permafrost. We utilise earth observation data in predicting changes in DOC export, and further combine these efforts with distributed modeling of hydrological flow paths to generate maps of stream DOC in a palsa landscape. Our preliminary results point to a largely unexplored potential of using GIS and Remote Sensing analysis to reconstruct and project the DOC export from subarctic catchments and its response to climate change.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedNo
EventASLO Summer meeting, 2016 - Santa Fé, United States, Santa Fé, United States
Duration: 2016 Jun 52016 Jun 10

Conference

ConferenceASLO Summer meeting, 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySanta Fé
Period2016/06/052016/06/10