Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’? a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Standard

Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’? a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics. / Ternblad, Eva Maria; Haake, Magnus; Anderberg, Erik; Gulz, Agneta.

Artificial Intelligence in Education: 19th International Conference, AIED 2018, Proceedings. ed. / Carolyn Penstein Rosé; Roberto Martínez-Maldonado; Ulrich H. Hoppe; Rose Luckin; Manolis Mavrikis; Kaska Porayska-Pomsta; Bruce McLaren; Benedict du Boulay. Cham : Springer, 2018. p. 557-569 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10947 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Harvard

Ternblad, EM, Haake, M, Anderberg, E & Gulz, A 2018, Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’? a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics. in C Penstein Rosé, R Martínez-Maldonado, UH Hoppe, R Luckin, M Mavrikis, K Porayska-Pomsta, B McLaren & B du Boulay (eds), Artificial Intelligence in Education: 19th International Conference, AIED 2018, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 10947 LNAI, Springer, Cham, pp. 557-569, 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED 2018, London, United Kingdom, 2018/06/27. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93843-1_41

APA

Ternblad, E. M., Haake, M., Anderberg, E., & Gulz, A. (2018). Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’? a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics. In C. Penstein Rosé, R. Martínez-Maldonado, U. H. Hoppe, R. Luckin, M. Mavrikis, K. Porayska-Pomsta, B. McLaren, ... B. du Boulay (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence in Education: 19th International Conference, AIED 2018, Proceedings (pp. 557-569). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10947 LNAI). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93843-1_41

CBE

Ternblad EM, Haake M, Anderberg E, Gulz A. 2018. Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’? a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics. Penstein Rosé C, Martínez-Maldonado R, Hoppe UH, Luckin R, Mavrikis M, Porayska-Pomsta K, McLaren B, du Boulay B, editors. In Artificial Intelligence in Education: 19th International Conference, AIED 2018, Proceedings. Cham: Springer. pp. 557-569. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93843-1_41

MLA

Ternblad, Eva Maria et al. "Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’? a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics"., Penstein Rosé, Carolyn, Martínez-Maldonado, Roberto, Hoppe, Ulrich H. and Luckin, Rose Mavrikis, Manolis Porayska-Pomsta, Kaska McLaren, Bruce du Boulay, Benedict (editors). Artificial Intelligence in Education: 19th International Conference, AIED 2018, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Cham: Springer. 2018, 557-569. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93843-1_41

Vancouver

Ternblad EM, Haake M, Anderberg E, Gulz A. Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’? a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics. In Penstein Rosé C, Martínez-Maldonado R, Hoppe UH, Luckin R, Mavrikis M, Porayska-Pomsta K, McLaren B, du Boulay B, editors, Artificial Intelligence in Education: 19th International Conference, AIED 2018, Proceedings. Cham: Springer. 2018. p. 557-569. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93843-1_41

Author

Ternblad, Eva Maria ; Haake, Magnus ; Anderberg, Erik ; Gulz, Agneta. / Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’? a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics. Artificial Intelligence in Education: 19th International Conference, AIED 2018, Proceedings. editor / Carolyn Penstein Rosé ; Roberto Martínez-Maldonado ; Ulrich H. Hoppe ; Rose Luckin ; Manolis Mavrikis ; Kaska Porayska-Pomsta ; Bruce McLaren ; Benedict du Boulay. Cham : Springer, 2018. pp. 557-569 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Do preschoolers ‘Game the system’?

T2 - a case study of children’s intelligent (Mis)use of a teachable agent based play-&-learn game in mathematics

AU - Ternblad, Eva Maria

AU - Haake, Magnus

AU - Anderberg, Erik

AU - Gulz, Agneta

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - For learning to take place in digital learning environments, learners need to use educational software – more or less – as intended. However, previous studies show that some school children, instead of trying to learn and master a skill, choose to systematically exploit or outsmart the system to gain progress. But what about preschoolers? The present study explores the presence of this kind of behavioral patterns among preschoolers who use a teachable agent-based play-&-learn game in early math. We analyzed behavioral data logs together with interviews and observations. We also analyzed action patterns deviating from the pedagogical design intentions in terms of non-harmful gaming, harmful gaming, and wheel-spinning. Our results reveal that even if pedagogically not intended use of the game did occur, harmful gaming was rare. Interestingly, the results also indicate an unexpected awareness in children of what it means to learn and to teach. Finally, we present a series of possible adjustments of the used software in order to decrease gaming-like behavior or strategies that signalize insufficient skills or poor learning.

AB - For learning to take place in digital learning environments, learners need to use educational software – more or less – as intended. However, previous studies show that some school children, instead of trying to learn and master a skill, choose to systematically exploit or outsmart the system to gain progress. But what about preschoolers? The present study explores the presence of this kind of behavioral patterns among preschoolers who use a teachable agent-based play-&-learn game in early math. We analyzed behavioral data logs together with interviews and observations. We also analyzed action patterns deviating from the pedagogical design intentions in terms of non-harmful gaming, harmful gaming, and wheel-spinning. Our results reveal that even if pedagogically not intended use of the game did occur, harmful gaming was rare. Interestingly, the results also indicate an unexpected awareness in children of what it means to learn and to teach. Finally, we present a series of possible adjustments of the used software in order to decrease gaming-like behavior or strategies that signalize insufficient skills or poor learning.

KW - Gaming the system

KW - Learning-by-teaching

KW - Preschoolers

KW - Teachable agent

KW - Wheel-spinning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049373636&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-93843-1_41

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-93843-1_41

M3 - Paper in conference proceeding

SN - 9783319938424

T3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

SP - 557

EP - 569

BT - Artificial Intelligence in Education

A2 - Penstein Rosé, Carolyn

A2 - Martínez-Maldonado, Roberto

A2 - Hoppe, Ulrich H.

A2 - Luckin, Rose

A2 - Mavrikis, Manolis

A2 - Porayska-Pomsta, Kaska

A2 - McLaren, Bruce

A2 - du Boulay, Benedict

PB - Springer

CY - Cham

ER -