Dynamic footprint of sequestration in the molecular fluctuations of osteopontin.

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Abstract

The sequestration of calcium phosphate by unfolded proteins is fundamental to the stabilization of biofluids supersaturated with respect to hydroxyapatite, such as milk, blood or urine. The unfolded state of osteopontin (OPN) is thought to be a prerequisite for this activity, which leads to the formation of core-shell calcium phosphate nanoclusters. We report on the structures and dynamics of a native OPN peptide from bovine milk, studied by neutron spectroscopy and small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering. The effects of sequestration are quantified on the nanosecond- ångström resolution by elastic incoherent neutron scattering. The molecular fluctuations of the free phosphopeptide are in agreement with a highly flexible protein. An increased resilience to diffusive motions of OPN is corroborated by molecular fluctuations similar to those observed for globular proteins, yet retaining conformational flexibilities. The results bring insight into the modulation of the activity of OPN and phosphopeptides with a role in the control of biomineralization. The quantification of such effects provides an important handle for the future design of new peptides based on the dynamics-activity relationship.

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  • Biophysics
Original languageEnglish
Article number20150506
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Volume12
Issue number110
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes