Early and Intermediate Outcome of Emergency Endovascular Aneurysm Repair of Ruptured Infrarenal Aortic Aneurysm: A Single-Centre Experience of 90 Consecutive Patients.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early and intermediate outcome of a consecutive series of emergency endovascular aneurysm repairs (eEVAR) of computed tomography (CT)-verified infrarenal ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) at a single tertiary referral centre. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of patients operated between April 2000 and October 2007 were retrospectively reviewed and all their pre-, intra- and postoperative imaging were re-evaluated. Patient and procedural data were analysed using a Cox multiregression model. RESULTS: Ninety patients (86% men, aged 76 (+/-7) years), were identified and included in the analysis. Symptom duration was <3h in 22% of patients, 3-24h in 39% and >24h in 39%. Mean aneurysmal diameter was 73 (+/-14)mm. All patients were treated with the COOK Zenith((R)) stent-graft (56% bi-iliac and 44% uni-iliac). Sixty-one percent were haemodynamically unstable on presentation, and 26% required an intra-operative aortic occlusion balloon to maintain haemodynamic stability. The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were 27% and 37%, respectively. One-year aneurysm-related mortality was 33%. Twenty-eight percent of patients required re-interventions during the follow-up. The use of an aortic occlusion balloon and the presence of cerebrovascular disease or obstructive lung disorder correlated significantly with 30-day mortality in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: EVAR is a valid treatment option for rAAA when used as a first-line method for all patients.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-419
JournalEuropean journal of vascular and endovascular surgery
Volume37
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Medical Radiology Unit (013241410), Unit for Clinical Vascular Disease Research (013242410), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200)

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