Early Neolithic flint mining at Södra Sallerup, Scania, Sweden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The area around the villages Kvarnby and Södra Sallerup in south-west Scania is the only known flint-mining site in Sweden. Radiocarbon dates show that the flint was mined mainly during the earliest phase of the Early Neolithic, between c. 4000 and 3600 BC, thus coinciding with the earliest evidence of the Funnel Beaker Culture in the region. The type of flint, the size of the flint nodules, production debris in the mining area and the concentration of point-butted axe distribution to south-west Scania all suggest that the mining was related to the extraction of flint for the production of point-butted axes. However, considering the abundance of easily available flint elsewhere in the region, it seems clear that the mining was not motivated purely by economic reasons. We suggest that the very extraction of flint from pits and shafts in the chalk was socially and symbolically significant in itself.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Linnaeus University
  • Sydsvensk Arkeologi AB
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Archaeology

Keywords

  • Early Neolithic period, point-butted axes, flint mining, southern Sweden
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-180
Number of pages14
JournalArchaeologia Polona
Volume54
Issue number2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 15
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes