Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents

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Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents. / Abram, Nerilie J.; McGregor, Helen V.; Tierney, Jessica E.; Evans, Michael N.; McKay, Nicholas P.; Kaufman, Darrell S.; Thirumalai, Kaustubh; Martrat, Belen; Goosse, Hugues; Phipps, Steven J.; Steig, Eric J.; Kilbourne, K. Halimeda; Saenger, Casey P.; Zinke, Jens; Leduc, Guillaume; Addison, Jason A.; Mortyn, P. Graham; Seidenkrantz, Marit Solveig; Sicre, Marie Alexandrine; Selvaraj, Kandasamy; Filipsson, Helena L.; Neukom, Raphael; Gergis, Joelle; Curran, Mark A J; Von Gunten, Lucien.

In: Nature, Vol. 536, No. 7617, 24.08.2016, p. 411-418.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Abram, NJ, McGregor, HV, Tierney, JE, Evans, MN, McKay, NP, Kaufman, DS, Thirumalai, K, Martrat, B, Goosse, H, Phipps, SJ, Steig, EJ, Kilbourne, KH, Saenger, CP, Zinke, J, Leduc, G, Addison, JA, Mortyn, PG, Seidenkrantz, MS, Sicre, MA, Selvaraj, K, Filipsson, HL, Neukom, R, Gergis, J, Curran, MAJ & Von Gunten, L 2016, 'Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents', Nature, vol. 536, no. 7617, pp. 411-418. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19082

APA

Abram, N. J., McGregor, H. V., Tierney, J. E., Evans, M. N., McKay, N. P., Kaufman, D. S., ... Von Gunten, L. (2016). Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents. Nature, 536(7617), 411-418. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19082

CBE

Abram NJ, McGregor HV, Tierney JE, Evans MN, McKay NP, Kaufman DS, Thirumalai K, Martrat B, Goosse H, Phipps SJ, Steig EJ, Kilbourne KH, Saenger CP, Zinke J, Leduc G, Addison JA, Mortyn PG, Seidenkrantz MS, Sicre MA, Selvaraj K, Filipsson HL, Neukom R, Gergis J, Curran MAJ, Von Gunten L. 2016. Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents. Nature. 536(7617):411-418. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19082

MLA

Vancouver

Abram NJ, McGregor HV, Tierney JE, Evans MN, McKay NP, Kaufman DS et al. Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents. Nature. 2016 Aug 24;536(7617):411-418. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19082

Author

Abram, Nerilie J. ; McGregor, Helen V. ; Tierney, Jessica E. ; Evans, Michael N. ; McKay, Nicholas P. ; Kaufman, Darrell S. ; Thirumalai, Kaustubh ; Martrat, Belen ; Goosse, Hugues ; Phipps, Steven J. ; Steig, Eric J. ; Kilbourne, K. Halimeda ; Saenger, Casey P. ; Zinke, Jens ; Leduc, Guillaume ; Addison, Jason A. ; Mortyn, P. Graham ; Seidenkrantz, Marit Solveig ; Sicre, Marie Alexandrine ; Selvaraj, Kandasamy ; Filipsson, Helena L. ; Neukom, Raphael ; Gergis, Joelle ; Curran, Mark A J ; Von Gunten, Lucien. / Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents. In: Nature. 2016 ; Vol. 536, No. 7617. pp. 411-418.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents

AU - Abram, Nerilie J.

AU - McGregor, Helen V.

AU - Tierney, Jessica E.

AU - Evans, Michael N.

AU - McKay, Nicholas P.

AU - Kaufman, Darrell S.

AU - Thirumalai, Kaustubh

AU - Martrat, Belen

AU - Goosse, Hugues

AU - Phipps, Steven J.

AU - Steig, Eric J.

AU - Kilbourne, K. Halimeda

AU - Saenger, Casey P.

AU - Zinke, Jens

AU - Leduc, Guillaume

AU - Addison, Jason A.

AU - Mortyn, P. Graham

AU - Seidenkrantz, Marit Solveig

AU - Sicre, Marie Alexandrine

AU - Selvaraj, Kandasamy

AU - Filipsson, Helena L.

AU - Neukom, Raphael

AU - Gergis, Joelle

AU - Curran, Mark A J

AU - Von Gunten, Lucien

PY - 2016/8/24

Y1 - 2016/8/24

N2 - The evolution of industrial-era warming across the continents and oceans provides a context for future climate change and is important for determining climate sensitivity and the processes that control regional warming. Here we use post-ad 1500 palaeoclimate records to show that sustained industrial-era warming of the tropical oceans first developed during the mid-nineteenth century and was nearly synchronous with Northern Hemisphere continental warming. The early onset of sustained, significant warming in palaeoclimate records and model simulations suggests that greenhouse forcing of industrial-era warming commenced as early as the mid-nineteenth century and included an enhanced equatorial ocean response mechanism. The development of Southern Hemisphere warming is delayed in reconstructions, but this apparent delay is not reproduced in climate simulations. Our findings imply that instrumental records are too short to comprehensively assess anthropogenic climate change and that, in some regions, about 180 years of industrial-era warming has already caused surface temperatures to emerge above pre-industrial values, even when taking natural variability into account.

AB - The evolution of industrial-era warming across the continents and oceans provides a context for future climate change and is important for determining climate sensitivity and the processes that control regional warming. Here we use post-ad 1500 palaeoclimate records to show that sustained industrial-era warming of the tropical oceans first developed during the mid-nineteenth century and was nearly synchronous with Northern Hemisphere continental warming. The early onset of sustained, significant warming in palaeoclimate records and model simulations suggests that greenhouse forcing of industrial-era warming commenced as early as the mid-nineteenth century and included an enhanced equatorial ocean response mechanism. The development of Southern Hemisphere warming is delayed in reconstructions, but this apparent delay is not reproduced in climate simulations. Our findings imply that instrumental records are too short to comprehensively assess anthropogenic climate change and that, in some regions, about 180 years of industrial-era warming has already caused surface temperatures to emerge above pre-industrial values, even when taking natural variability into account.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84984905560&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nature19082

DO - 10.1038/nature19082

M3 - Article

VL - 536

SP - 411

EP - 418

JO - Nature

T2 - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7617

ER -