Early repolarization in children with unexplained syncope
Research output: Contribution to journal › Published meeting abstract
Introduction: It has traditionally been believed that early repolarization (ER) is benign. Significant association between ER and sudden cardiac arrest due to idiopathic ventricular fibrillation was recently found in a large cohort of adult survivors of sudden cardiac arrest. In some prior studies, unexplained syncope has been linked to risk of sudden death, but the mechanisms remain speculative.We assessed herein the prevalence of ER in children referred to our center for unexplained syncope. Methods: We evaluated retrospectively electrocardiograms from such children (n = 29; mean age, 12.1 years; range, 7-18 years) for presence of ER, which was defined as an elevation of the QRS-ST junction (J-point) in at least 2 leads of at least 1 mm (0.1 mV) above the baseline level. The anterior precordial leads (V1-V3) were excluded from the analysis to avoid inclusion of patients with right ventricular dysplasia or Brugada syndrome. Agematched children (n = 33; mean age, 12.3 years; range, 7-16 years) with noncardiac chest pain were included as controls. Results: Early repolarization was detected in 45% (13/29) of children with unexplained syncope vs 24% (8/33) in the chest pain group. Among children with syncope, ER was far more frequent in males than in females (8/12 vs 5/ 17, respectively). Echocardiography showed normal functional and structural findings in all children. Conclusion: In this relatively small-scale retrospective study of children with unexplained syncope with otherwise normal cardiac findings, we found particularly among those of male gender a greater prevalence of ER than in controls (noncardiac chest pain).With view to earlier findings of Haisaguerre et al (NEJM 2008), this intriguing association warrants further prospective studies addressing its precise clinical implication and underlying mechanisms.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Journal of Electrocardiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|