Earnings and Disposable Income of Farmers in Sweden, 1997-2012

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


title = "Earnings and Disposable Income of Farmers in Sweden, 1997-2012",
abstract = "This study presents a comprehensive analysis of farmers' income in Sweden. The results indicate that farm households in Sweden do well from a standard-of-living perspective, but that farming is still a low-paid occupation from a return-on-skills perspective. Nevertheless, farm earnings increased faster over the study period than earnings in the general population, owing equally to higher farm earnings for operators and higher off-farm earnings for their spouse. Since few female spouses make farm earnings, evaluating farm household earnings from mainly a household perspective fails to acknowledge the individual careers of farmer and spouse.",
keywords = "disposable income, Farm income, Gini, inequality, off-farm income, poverty.",
author = "Martin Nordin and S{\"o}ren H{\"o}jg{\aa}rd",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1093/aepp/ppy005",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "153--173",
journal = "Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy",
issn = "2040-5804",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",