Earnings and Disposable Income of Farmers in Sweden, 1997-2012

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Earnings and Disposable Income of Farmers in Sweden, 1997-2012. / Nordin, Martin; Höjgård, Sören.

In: Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2019, p. 153-173.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Earnings and Disposable Income of Farmers in Sweden, 1997-2012

AU - Nordin, Martin

AU - Höjgård, Sören

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - This study presents a comprehensive analysis of farmers' income in Sweden. The results indicate that farm households in Sweden do well from a standard-of-living perspective, but that farming is still a low-paid occupation from a return-on-skills perspective. Nevertheless, farm earnings increased faster over the study period than earnings in the general population, owing equally to higher farm earnings for operators and higher off-farm earnings for their spouse. Since few female spouses make farm earnings, evaluating farm household earnings from mainly a household perspective fails to acknowledge the individual careers of farmer and spouse.

AB - This study presents a comprehensive analysis of farmers' income in Sweden. The results indicate that farm households in Sweden do well from a standard-of-living perspective, but that farming is still a low-paid occupation from a return-on-skills perspective. Nevertheless, farm earnings increased faster over the study period than earnings in the general population, owing equally to higher farm earnings for operators and higher off-farm earnings for their spouse. Since few female spouses make farm earnings, evaluating farm household earnings from mainly a household perspective fails to acknowledge the individual careers of farmer and spouse.

KW - disposable income

KW - Farm income

KW - Gini

KW - inequality

KW - off-farm income

KW - poverty.

U2 - 10.1093/aepp/ppy005

DO - 10.1093/aepp/ppy005

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 153

EP - 173

JO - Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

T2 - Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

JF - Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

SN - 2040-5804

IS - 1

ER -