ECG-based detection of body position changes in ischemia monitoring

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Abstract

The purpose of this gaper is to analyze and detect changes in body position (BPC) during electrocardiogram (ECG) recording. These changes are often manifested as shifts in the, electrical axis and may be misclassified as ischemic changes during. ambulatory monitoring. We investigate two ECG signal processing methods for detecting BPCs. Different schemes for feature extraction are used (spatial and scalar), while preprocessing, trend postprocessing and detection are identical. The spatial approach is based on VCG loop rotation angles and the scalar approach is based on the Karhunen-Loeve transform (KLT) coefficients. The methods are evaluated on two different databases: a database with annotated BPCs and the STAFF III database with recordings from rest and during angioplasty-induced ischemia but not including BPCs. The angle-based detector results in performance values of detection probability P-D = 95%, false alarm probability P-F = 3% in the BPC database and false alarm rate in the STAFF III database in control ECCs during rest R-F(c) = 2 h(-1) (episodes per hour) and in ischemia recordings during angioplasty R-F(a) = 7 h(-1), whereas the KLT-based detector produces values of P-D = 89%, P-F = 3%, R-F(c) = 4 h(-1), and RF(a) = 11 h-1, respectively. Including information on noise level in the detection process to reduce the number of false alarms, performance values of P-D similar or equal to 90%, P-F similar or equal to 1%, R-F(c) similar or equal to 1 h(-1) and R-F(a) similar or equal to 2 h(-1) are obtained with both methods. It is concluded that reliable detection of BPCs may be achieved using the ECG signal and should work in parallel to ischemia detectors.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical Engineering

Keywords

  • ischemia, body position changes, ECG, alarms, detection
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-685
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume50
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes