Echocardiographic assessment of chamber size and ventricular function during the first year after heart transplantation

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T1 - Echocardiographic assessment of chamber size and ventricular function during the first year after heart transplantation

AU - Ingvarsson, Annika

AU - Werther Evaldsson, Anna

AU - Waktare, Johan

AU - Braun, Oscar

AU - Jan Smith, Gustav

AU - Roijer, Anders

AU - Rådegran, Göran

AU - Meurling, Carl

N1 - This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/7/1

Y1 - 2021/7/1

N2 - AIMS: Detecting changes in ventricular function after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is important but interpretation of findings is complicated by lack of data on early graft adaptation. We sought to evaluate echocardiographic measures of ventricular size and function the first year following OHT including speckle tracking derived strain. We also aimed to compare echocardiographic findings to hemodynamic parameters obtained by right heart catheterization (RHC).METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty OHT patients were examined prospectively with TTE and RHC at 1, 6, and 12 months after OHT. Left ventricle (LV) was assessed with fractional shortening, ejection fraction, and systolic tissue velocities. Right ventricular (RV) evaluation included tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), systolic tissue velocity (S´) and fractional area change (FAC). LV global longitudinal and circumferential strain and RV global longitudinal strain (GLS) and RV lateral wall strain (RVfree) were analysed. No relevant changes occurred in LV echocardiographic parameters, whereas all measures of RV function improved significantly during follow up. There was an increase in TAPSE (12.4±3.3 mm to 14.4±4.3 mm, p<0.01), FAC (36±8% to 41±8%, p<0.01), RV GLS (-15.8±3.4% to -17.8±3.6%, p<0.01) and RVfree (-15.5±3.7% to -18.6±3.6%, p<0.001). Between one and twelve months pulmonary pressures decreased, whereas pulmonary vascular resistance did not.CONCLUSION: Stable OHT recipients reached steady state regarding LV function one month after transplantation. In contrast, RV function displayed gradual improvement the first year following OHT, indicating delayed RV-adaptation as compared to the LV. Improved RV function-parameters were independent of invasively measured pulmonary pressures.

AB - AIMS: Detecting changes in ventricular function after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is important but interpretation of findings is complicated by lack of data on early graft adaptation. We sought to evaluate echocardiographic measures of ventricular size and function the first year following OHT including speckle tracking derived strain. We also aimed to compare echocardiographic findings to hemodynamic parameters obtained by right heart catheterization (RHC).METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty OHT patients were examined prospectively with TTE and RHC at 1, 6, and 12 months after OHT. Left ventricle (LV) was assessed with fractional shortening, ejection fraction, and systolic tissue velocities. Right ventricular (RV) evaluation included tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), systolic tissue velocity (S´) and fractional area change (FAC). LV global longitudinal and circumferential strain and RV global longitudinal strain (GLS) and RV lateral wall strain (RVfree) were analysed. No relevant changes occurred in LV echocardiographic parameters, whereas all measures of RV function improved significantly during follow up. There was an increase in TAPSE (12.4±3.3 mm to 14.4±4.3 mm, p<0.01), FAC (36±8% to 41±8%, p<0.01), RV GLS (-15.8±3.4% to -17.8±3.6%, p<0.01) and RVfree (-15.5±3.7% to -18.6±3.6%, p<0.001). Between one and twelve months pulmonary pressures decreased, whereas pulmonary vascular resistance did not.CONCLUSION: Stable OHT recipients reached steady state regarding LV function one month after transplantation. In contrast, RV function displayed gradual improvement the first year following OHT, indicating delayed RV-adaptation as compared to the LV. Improved RV function-parameters were independent of invasively measured pulmonary pressures.

U2 - 10.1111/cpf.12702

DO - 10.1111/cpf.12702

M3 - Article

C2 - 33830620

VL - 41

SP - 355

EP - 365

JO - Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging

JF - Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging

SN - 1475-0961

IS - 4

ER -