Ectomycorrhizal community structure and function in relation to forest residue harvesting and wood ash applications

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

Ectomycorrhizal fungi form symbiotic associations with tree roots and assist in nutrient-uptake and -cycling in forest ecosystems, thereby constituting a most significant part of the microbial community. The aims of the studies described in this thesis were to evaluate the potential of DNA-based molecular methods in below-ground ectomycorrhizal community studies and to investigate changes in ectomycorrhizal communities on spruce roots in sites with different N deposition, and in sites subjected to harvesting of forest residues or application of wood ash. The ability of selected ectomycorrhizal fungi to mobilise nutrients from wood ash and to colonise root systems in the presence and absence of ash was also studied.

In total 39 ectomycorrhizal species were detected in the experimental forests located in southern Sweden. At each site five to six species colonised around 60% of the root tips. The dominant species, common to the sites, were Tylospora fibrillosa, Thelephora terrestris and Cenococcum geophilum. Differences between two sites with differing levels of N deposition suggested that community structure may be influenced by N deposition, although site history, location and degree of isolation may also influence species composition. Repeated harvesting of forest residues reduced numbers of mycorrhizal roots in the humus layer to approximately 50% of that in control plots but no shift in the ectomycorrhizal community could be detected. At another site, application of granulated wood ash induced a shift in ectomycorrhizal community structure and three ectomycorrhizal fungi ("ash fungi") were found to colonise ash granules.

Two "ash fungi" showed a superior ability to solubilise stabilised wood ash in laboratory experiments compared to other ectomycorrhizal isolates from the same site. In laboratory microcosms containing intact mycorrhizal mycelia, colonisation of wood ash patches by one "ash fungus" was good whereas colonisation by Piloderma croceum was poor. In a competition experiment with these two fungi, colonisation of spruce roots by the "ash fungus" increased significantly in the presence of wood ash, whereas colonisation by P. croceum decreased.

Details

Authors
  • Shahid Mahmood
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ecology

Keywords

  • 14C allocation, P uptake, Calcium oxalate, Solubilisation, Tricalcium phosphate, Wood ash, Forest residue, N deposition, rDNA, ITS region, PCR-RFLP, Spruce, Ectomycorrhiza, Community structure, Wood ash colonisation, Spruce colonisation, Competition, Ecology, Ekologi
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date2000 May 16
Publisher
  • Microbial Ecology, Lund University
Print ISBNs91-7105-136-8
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2000-05-16 Time: 10:15 Place: Blå Hallen - Ecology Building External reviewer(s) Name: Mitchell, Derek Title: Prof Affiliation: Ireland ---

Related research output

Mahmood, S., Finlay, R. D., Håkan Wallander & Erland, S., 2002, In : Forest Ecology and Management. 160, 1-3, p. 65-74

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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