Effect of Different Fabric Skin Combinations on Predicted Sweating Skin Temperature of a Thermal Manikin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


In this study, a knit cotton fabric skin and a Gore-tex skin were used to simulate two sweating methods. The Gore-tex skin was put on top of the pre-wetted knit cotton skin on a dry heated thermal manikin 'Tore' to simulate senseless sweating, similar to thermal manikins 'Coppelius' and 'Walter'. Another simulation involved the pre-wetted fabric skin covered on top of the Gore-tex skin in order to simulate sensible sweating. This type of sweating simulation can be widely found on many thermal manikins worldwide, e.g. 'Newton'. Two empirical equations to predict the wet skin surface temperature were developed based on the mean manikin surface temperature, mean fabric skin surface temperature and the total heat loss. The prediction equations for the senseless sweating and sensible sweating on the thermal manikin 'Tore' were T-sk=34.05-0.0193HL and T-sk=34.63-0.0178HL, respectively. It was found that the Gore-tex skin limits moisture evaporation and the predicted fabric skin temperature was greater than that in the G+C skin combination. Further study should validate those two empirical equations, however.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics


  • Empirical equation, Skin temperature, Thermal manikin, Sweating skin
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings Of The Second International Conference On Advanced Textile Materials & Manufacturing Technology
PublisherZhejiang University Press
ISBN (Print)978-7-308-07958-7
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Event2nd International Conference on Advanced Textile Materials & Manufacturing Technology - Hangzhou, PEOPLES R CHINA
Duration: 2010 Oct 202010 Oct 24


Conference2nd International Conference on Advanced Textile Materials & Manufacturing Technology