Effect of flush-perfusion on vascular endothelial and smooth muscle function
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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate how much perfusion pressure an artery can tolerate without significant loss of endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) and vascular contractility. METHODS: The abdominal aortas of 396 Sprague-Dawley rats were used. One hundred twenty aortas were flush-perfused for 1 or 5 minutes with cold St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic (STHC) solution or with the same solution but modified by the addition of 3.5% dextran 40. Three perfusion pressures were tested: 50, 100, and 150 mm Hg. Two hundred eighty vessels were subjected to pressures of 50, 150, or 300 mm Hg using saline or STHC solution at 22 degrees C or STHC solution at 4 degrees C, for 10 or 60 seconds. The vessels were investigated in organ baths. Contractility was tested with the thromboxane analogue U-46619, acetylcholine was used to investigate EDR, and papaverine to elicit endothelium-independent relaxation. RESULTS: Flush-perfusion with cold STHC solution for 5 minutes at a perfusion pressure of 50 or 100 mm Hg affected neither contractility nor EDR. Vessels exposed to a flush-perfusion pressure of 150 mm Hg for 1 or 5 minutes lost 39% (p < 0.001) and 53% (p < 0.001) of their contractility, respectively. Flush-perfusion at 150 mm Hg for 1 minute did not affect EDR, whereas 5 minutes' perfusion caused a reduction of 7% (p < 0.05). A repetition of these experiments using STHC solution with 3.5% dextran 40 added gave no significantly different results. The impairment in contractility and EDR seen after perfusion at 150 mm Hg for 5 minutes disappeared after transplantation and reperfusion for 7 days. The vessels could be distended with saline or STHC solution at a pressure of 150 mm Hg without affecting contractility at 22 degrees C. At 4 degrees C, however, this pressure was harmful to contractility. Distention at a pressure of 300 mm Hg almost abolished contractility and 7 days after transplantation there had not yet been any recovery of contractility, but 30 days after transplantation the grafts had regained their normal contractility. CONCLUSIONS: Cold STHC solution, with or without dextran 40, can be used with a perfusion pressure of 100 but not 150 mm Hg without impairing EDR or vascular smooth muscle function.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Annals of Thoracic Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|