Effect of motor imagery on enjoyment in knee-injury prevention and rehabilitation training: A randomized crossover study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The novel MOTor Imagery to Facilitate Sensorimotor Re-Learning (MOTIFS) model takes a uniquely holistic approach by integrating mental and physical aspects into current training programs. The aim of this trial was to evaluate enjoyment of MOTIFS training as compared to Care-as-Usual (CaU) knee injury and/or rehabilitation training. The primary hypothesis was that enjoyment would be greater following MOTIFS training than CaU training. Design: Block-randomized 2 × 2 cross-over trial. Methods: Thirty athletes (18−31 years, 50% women) currently or previously active in team ball sports, with no pain or injury preventing jump and/or directional changes. MOTIFS training integrates sport-specific experiences and equipment into physical exercises to increase individualized realism and meaning. The CaU condition included solely physical exercise. The main outcome was the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES). Secondary outcomes included Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM; subscales Valence, Arousal, Dominance), Perceived exertion, pulse, duration, and movement quality. Results: PACES scores were better following MOTIFS training than CaU (point estimate 24.67; 95% CI: 19.0; 30.3). Between-groups differences in SAM Valence (median 2, quartiles 1;3), Arousal (median 1, quartiles 0;2.25), and Dominance (median 0.5, quartiles 0;2), and RPE (median 1, quartiles −0.3;2), training duration (mean 5.34, 95% CI: −0.17; −0.73), and pulse (median 7.50, quartiles 0.25;16.75) were higher following MOTIFS training than CaU training. Conclusions: Results suggest that the MOTIFS model, which integrates simultaneous physical and psychological interventions, is a clinically plausible method of influencing enjoyment and other psychological outcomes. Further studies may explore effects of the MOTIFS principles on injury prevention and rehabilitation training.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Malmö Idrottsklinik
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Sport and Fitness Sciences

Keywords

  • Athletic injuries, Enjoyment, Injury prevention, Knee injuries, Rehabilitation exercise, Sport psychology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-263
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume24
Issue number3
Early online date2020 Sep 10
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes