Effect of various surfactants on stability and thermophysical properties of nanofluids

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The effect of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on the viscosity of a nanofluid is experimentally investigated from 278 to 313 K by changing the nanoparticle volume fraction. These nanoparticles were put into distilled water with various surfactants, i.e., Colace (docusate sodium), trisodium citrate dihydrate (TSC), polyvinyl pyrrolidone, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH), acacia senegal (GA), sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and sodium laurylsulfonate (SLS). Based on the present measurements, new empirical formulas are proposed for Fe3O4–water, CNT–water and Fe3O4–CNT–water nanofluids to provide accurate predictions for the nanofluid viscosity. Based on the viscosity testing, stabilities and thermal conductivities of Fe3O4–TMAH, Fe3O4–Colace, Fe3O4–TSC, CNT–SDS, CNT–GA, Fe3O4–CNT–SLS, and Fe3O4–CNT–TSC nanofluids with a volume concentration of 0.5% are investigated in the present research. Results indicate that better stability, smaller viscosity, and higher thermal conductivity are obtained, when the surfactants TMAH, SDS, and SLS are added into the Fe3O4–water, CNT–water, and the Fe3O4–CNT–water nanofluid, respectively. The CNT–water and Fe3O4–CNT–water nanofluids exhibit a shear-thinning behavior, whereas a linear rheological behavior can be observed by water-based Colace–Fe3O4, TMAH–Fe3O4, and TSC–Fe3O4 nanofluids.


External organisations
  • Xi'an Jiaotong University
  • Hebei University of Technology
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Materials Chemistry


  • Carbon nanotube, Nanofluid, Surfactant, Thermal conductivity, Viscosity
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 12
Publication categoryResearch