Effect of wall conduction on the heat transfer characteristics of supercritical n-decane in a horizontal rectangular pipe for cooling of a scramjet combustor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to numerically study the influence of wall conduction on the heat transfer of supercritical n-decane in the active regenerative cooling channels. Design/methodology/approach: A horizontally placed rectangular pipe with a solid zone and another one without a solid zone were used. A drastic variation of thermo-physical properties was emphatically addressed. After the verification of mesh and turbulence models comparing with the experimental results, a mesh number of 4.5 M and the low Reynolds number SST k-ω turbulence model were chosen. The solution of the governing equations and the acquisition of the numerical results were executed by the commercial software FLUENT 2020 R1. Findings: The numerical results indicate that there is a heat transfer deterioration (HTD) potential for the upper wall, lower wall and sidewall with the decrease of mass flux. Due to wall conduction, the distribution of the fluid temperature at spanwise-normal planes becomes uniform and this feature also takes advantage of the relatively uniform transverse velocity. For the streamwise-normal planes, the low fluid temperature appears close to the upper wall at the region near the sidewall and vice versa for the region near the centre. Undoubtedly, the secondary flow at the cross-section plays a crucial role in this process and the relatively cool mainstream is affected by the vortices. Originality/value: This study warns that the wall conduction must be considered in the practical design and thermal optimization due to the sensibility of thermo-physical properties to the heat flux. The secondary flow caused by the buoyancy force (gravity) plays a significant role in the supercritical heat transfer and mixed convection heat transfer should be further studied.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Northwestern Polytechnic University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering

Keywords

  • Horizontal rectangular pipe, Secondary flow, Supercritical n-decane, Transverse velocity, Wall conduction
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 Jul 3
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes